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Plumbum Metallicum - General symptoms - Clarke

Lead, Plumbum, Plumb, Plb.


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HPUS indication of Plumbum Metallicum: Paleness
Common symptoms: Paleness, Loss of smell, Stiffness.

Below are the main rubriks (i.e strongest indications or symptoms) of Plumbum Metallicum in traditional homeopathic usage, not approved by the FDA.


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GENERAL

General

PLUMBUM METALLICUM. The Element. Pb (A. W. 206.39). Trituration. PLUMBUM ACETICUM. Acetate of Lead. Sugar of Lead. Pb (C2H3O2)23H2O. Trituration. PLUMBUM CARBONICUM. Carbonate of Lead. Pure White Lead. Plumbic Carbonate. Pb CO3, Trituration.

Amaurosis. Anaemia. Anaesthesia. Aneurism. Anidrosis. Appendicitis. Asthma. Atrophy. Bone, exostoses on. Brain, softening of.

tumour of. Bright's disease. Colic. Constipation. Cystitis. Depression of spirits. Diplopia. Dropsy. Dysmenorrhoea. Dysuria. Emaciation. Epilepsy. Epulis. Eyes, inflammation of. Ganglion. Gout. Haemoptysis. Haemorrhoids. Headache. Hernia, strangulated. Hyperaesthesia. Hypopion. Ichthyosis. Intermittent fever. Intestines, obstruction of. Intussusception. Jaundice. Jaw, tumour of. Kidneys, affections of.

granular. Liver, affections of. Lockjaw. Locomotor ataxy. Melancholia. Metrorrhagia. Myelitis. Nephritis. Numbness. Oesophagus, stricture of. Paralysis.

diphtheritic. agitans. Perichondritis. Proctalgia. Progressive muscular atrophy. Prolapsus ani. Sciatica. Spine, diseases of.

sclerosis of. tumour of. Spleen, affections of. Stricture. Tabes mesenterica. Tabacum Tobacco habit. Tongue.

paralysis. of. Typhlitis. Umbilicus, abscess of.

hernia of. Uric-acidaemia. Vagina, spasm of. Vaginismus. Veins, varicose.

Plumbum, the Saturn of the Alchemists, has been proved by Hartlaub, Trinks, Hering, and Nenning. To their symptoms have been added those of numberless cases of poisoning among workers with lead and painters, symptoms from drinking lead-contaminated waters, from the use of lead in cosmetics, and from cases of suicide. In the old school metallic lead was seldom used, being considered inert.

nor has any specific difference been noted. Among painters and lead manufacturers the best-known symptoms are the colic and drop-wrist. In addition there are set up conditions of kidney irritation with albuminuria, ending in granular degeneration with attendant heart hypertrophy, optic neuritis, and blindness. There is an excess of uric acid in the blood of persons under the influence of lead, and actual gouty deposits and gouty attacks have been observed. In one case of lead poisoning I saw there was chronic enlargement of the knees and contraction of the lower limbs, completely crippling the patient. In another case there were small aneurisms almost all over the body. In those who have drunk lead-contaminated water the effects vary in intensity according to the amount of contamination and duration of exposure. When the poisoning has been going on insidiously for years a state of anaemia is set up, with dry, inactive, scaly skin, and inveterate constipation. Tunzelmann (B. J. H., xxxii. 17).

quoted C. D. P., where a full collection of cases may be found) reports a number of cases of acute poisoning from drinking water containing lead ($51$) A cook, ill three weeks.

Unable to retain any food on stomach; constant nausea, and even when no food was taken frequent vomiting of greenish watery fluid, agg. night.

Skin yellowish; conjunctivae decidedly yellow.

Tongue furred, coat at back very yellow; horrible taste, foetor of breath; bowels confined.

Extreme debility. Hydrastis Canadensis Hydrast. 3 gave great relief, but three months later the hands became paralysed, which led to the testing of the drinking-water and the discovery of lead. (2) Youth, aet. 12, had bronchial catarrh with loose cough and consolidation of left apex.

As soon as the poisoned water was stopped he rapidly got quite well. (3) An elder brother had haemoptysis, coughing up half a pint of blood.

Nothing was found wrong with the lungs beyond slight feebleness of respiration at apices.

Three months later, after a day's rowing, the haematemesis returned with epistaxis.

Now distinct dulness was found at right apex.

Rapid recovery followed stopping the water.

Caspar (C. D. P.) relates the case of a pregnant young woman who swallowed three ounces of white lead on October 8th.

The first symptoms set in some hours later with vomiting.

Next morning she was found suffering from inflammatory pain and jaundice.

The evening of the 10th she gave birth to a seven-months' child, and died the following morning.

The autopsy revealed Features relaxed; skin dirty yellow.

Bloody, frothy ichor escaped from nostrils in large quantities, and from genitals, saturating the bed; the mouth also, from which the tongue point protruded, was full of it.

Abdomen distended and of stony hardness, genitals swollen and discoloured; brain markedly bloodless; pleura contained 8 ozs. of bloody fluid, lungs distended, filled with frothy, decomposed blood; heart empty, very soft, dirty brown; trachea dark cherry-colour.

Pectoral muscles very soft, brown, the blood exuding from them being greasy.

Liver dirty brown, very soft; spleen filled with black, tar-like blood; both kidneys very soft and full of blood.

Blood in vena cava black, tar-like.

Women who work with lead frequently abort; women who do not work with lead but whose husbands do, abort in even greater proportion.

Children born under these conditions are frequently idiotic or epileptic.

According to Teste, Plumb. is particularly adapted to adults, males rather than females.

particularly to persons of a dry, bilious constitution, with somewhat jaundiced complexion, irascible, hypochondriac, or disposed to religious monomania. (But children are by no means excluded. I have seen apparently hopeless cases of marasmus in infants with large, hard abdomens and extreme constipation cured with Plumb., usually in 3rd trituration of Titanium Metallicum the metal or the acetate.) Teste mentions the following cases as having been successfully treated by him with Plumb. ($51$) Chronic cystitis. (2) Stricture after gonorrhoea. (3) Tenacious salivation (mercurial), agg. in damp weather, saturating pillow in sleep. (4) Excessively painful retraction of testes and penis, which seemed to re-enter hypogastrium (consequence of sexual excesses and repelled tetters). (5) Nightly bone pains (after failure of Merc Viv Merc, &c.). (6) Pulling and pressive chronic headache in forehead, agg. by mental labour.

In such cases, says Teste, neither Arsenicum Album Ars. nor Chininum Sulphuricum Chi. can be compared to Plumb.

These cases bring out some of the keynotes of Plumb., and chief among them is Retraction and sense of retraction. "Violent colic, sensation as if abdominal wall were drawn back by a string to the spine." Actual drawing in of abdomen is frequently present and is characteristic.

The cheeks are retracted, sunken.

Excessive and rapid emaciation.

In the same category with colic are Cramps, spasms, convulsions, paralyses, tremors.

Fröhling (A. H. Z., cxxxii. 68).

Amer. Hom., xxii. 422) relates the case of N., farmer, 46, who was taken ill in November, 1893, with attacks of colic with vomiting and extreme constipation; action only obtained by large enemata.

Had been constipated in former years but without illness. Opium had given only temporary relief.

After December, 1893, vomiting was rarer, but colic increased in intensity up to February, 1894, when Fröhling saw him first, and found him wasted to a skeleton, abdomen drawn in; appetite bad, felt ill, mind somewhat affected, unable to give sensible answers to questions.

Constant urgent call to stool, only small, hard, black balls passed.

Liver dulness only heard from upper border of sixth to upper border of seventh rib.

Lead poisoning was suspected, but as no evidence of it could be found Plumb. 6 three times a day was prescribed.

In six days colic attacks were less frequent, and less severe; two stools passed without enema; mind clearer.

Improvement continued in all respects, and in fourteen days N. was able to leave his bed, to which he had been confined since November.

By the middle of March he made an hour's journey to see Fröhling, and was hardly recognisable, he had gained so much flesh, and his liver was found of normal size.

Wingfield (M. H. R., quoted Amer. Hom., xxi. 426) reported two characteristic cases ($51$) Mrs.

D., 50, no children, sparely built, very nervous, constipated fifteen years, takes a teaspoonful of Cascara extract every other night.

Tongue coated with yellowish white fur.

Has constant headaches, and after each motion is thoroughly exhausted, and has to lie down the rest of the day.

Plumb. 6x gr. iii. twice a day.

In two days bowels commenced acting naturally.

In three weeks headaches gone, tongue clean, much less nervous. (2) Miss M., 25, florid; has boils appear on face and arms, and chronic constipation.

The constipation had been a trouble since she was twelve years old.

Slight spinal curvature.

Tongue furred, occasionally has headaches.

Suffers much at menstrual periods.

Plumb. 6x twice daily at once relieved the constipation, and soon the boils disappeared.

Patient soon felt quite well.

Arriaga (La Homoeopatia, No. 9) 1893.

H. M., xxix. 190), of Mexico city, reports the case of a woman, 73, seized with symptoms of intestinal occlusion, violent colic, nausea, obstinate constipation, meteorism, complete anorexia, and no fever. Nux Vomica Nux relieved the colic, and then Plumb. 12, and later 13, gradually brought about recovery in four days.

Nash cured a severe case of post-diphtheritic paralysis in a middle-aged man.

The leading symptom was excessive hyperaesthesia─could not bear to be touched anywhere, it hurt so.

Plumb. 40m (Fincke), a single dose, cured.

Nash tells of a man, 70, attacked with severe pain in abdomen, and finally a large, hard swelling developed in ileo-caecal region, very sensitive to contact or least motion.

It began to assume a bluish tint, and on account of his age and weakness the man's life was despaired of.

But his daughter, the wife of a medical man, found the symptoms in Raue under Plumb., in the chapter on Typhilitis, and Plumb. 200 cured.

Anaesthesia is as strongly marked as the hyperaesthesia of Plumb.

The excessive emaciation of Plumb. and the action on the spine make it a remedy of the first importance in progressive muscular atrophy.

Among the spasms are Vaginismus; spasm of uterus and expulsion of its contents; sensation as if there was not room enough for foetus; spasm of bladder; of oesophagus; strangulated hernia.

Clonic or tonic convulsive movements of limbs from cerebral sclerosis or tumour.

Epilepsy preceded by vertigo, sometimes sighing, followed by stupid feeling. (In a case cured by Skinner, after a fit the head turned to the right. There was agg. 8 to 9 a.m.) Paralysed parts lose flesh.

Progressive locomotor ataxia.

Restlessness; lassitude; faintness.

Sensation in abdomen at night which causes patient to stretch violently for hours; must stretch in every direction.

Assumes strangest attitudes in bed at night.

Peculiar sensations are As if something were working at top of head, with a sense of screwing from behind forward.

Eyelids as if paralysed.

As of a ball rising from throat into brain.

As if a wheat-hull in throat.

Cornea as if breathed upon.

Eyes as if too large. As of a plug in throat.

As if everything were weighted down.

As if abdomen and back were too close together; abdomen drawn to spine with a string.

Bowels as if twisted; constricted; distended with gas.

As if abscess forming near umbilicus.

Sphincter ani as if drawn in.

As if a bag not quite filled with fluid lay in bowels.

As if fluid rolled from one side to other of abdomen.

As if thighs pierced with needles.

As if feet made of wood.

Pains are wandering or radiating, vague, paroxysmal. Ailments develop slowly and intermit for a time. Alternations are common Delirium with colic.

diarrhoea and constipation.

jerks of flexors and extensors.

paralysis and colic. Right side is most affected, symptoms go from left to right (throat). In ladies poisoned by cosmetics the vaginismus which resulted increased pari passu with paralytic symptoms. With Plumb. 6 Theuerkauf cured in six weeks a case of hypopion with great pain (B. J. H., xxxvii. 303). W. H. Woodyatt (Ibid., 205) reports a case of "vaso-motor neurosis" affecting left eye. Mrs. D., 29, had been ill two weeks, and supposed she had caught cold in the eye. The symptoms were Drooping upper lid, intense photophobia, very profuse lachrymation of hot tears, pericorneal injection, deep bluish redness of sclerotica, most marked at corneal margin. Cornea very faintly hazy. Pupil contracted. Sight misty. Arsenicum Album Ars. 6x and Plant. 6x failed to relieve. Plumb. 6x was then given with immediate improvement, which went on to cure in seven days. The italicised symptoms were the leading indications for Plumb. In a case of right-sided sciatica which had been greatly benefited by Gnaphalium Gnaph. 1, but which had returned, the symptoms being Stiffness.

soreness from great trochanter and point of exit of nerve to knee.

weakness in thigh. agg. by stooping.

walking = sensation as if pushing a knife in thigh, Plumb. 6 was given four times a day. Up to the twelfth day there was no change.

on that day the pain suddenly went. The case had lasted nine months. The symptoms are agg. by touch. amel. By hard pressure and by rubbing. amel. At rest. agg. By motion. Mental exertion agg. amel. Lying down. agg. Lying right side (swelling in abdomen; cough). Lying on left side agg. violent palpitation. Bending back amel. pressure in stomach,.

pain in epigastrium. pain in back. Bending forward = pressure in stomach.

amel. pain in back. Bending double amel. colic. Back sensitive when leaning on it. amel. Stretching limbs. agg. At night, agg. In rough, foggy weather. Open air, coldness in.

sensitive to. amel. vertigo. Damp weather = profuse salivation. agg. In room full of company.