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Alumina - General symptoms

Oxide of Aluminum, Argilla, Aluminium Oxydatum, Aluminum Alum.


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HPUS indication of Alumina: Constipation

Below are the main rubriks (i.e strongest indications or symptoms) of Alumina in traditional homeopathic usage, not approved by the FDA.


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GENERAL

General

(Morning), Early on waking, depressed.

most symptoms appear. early, anxiety.

early, head confused. early, head feels cloudy, etc.

early, head feels heavy.

vertigo. quickly passing vertigo.

in bed, rhythmical beating in whole head.

early, painful spot in forehead.

early, on waking, headache in vertex, etc.

on waking, burning of eyes.

early, biting, etc. pain in eyes.

sensation of dry gum in eyes.

early, stitches in right side of head.

on waking, dry gum in eyes.

on waking, eyes agglutinated.

early, after waking, lachrymation.

early, sometimes, burning, etc.

of eyes. boring pain in ear.

early, roaring in ears.

early, after rising, roaring before the ears.

early, sour smell in the nose.

heat, etc., in left side of face.

spitting of saliva, etc.

early, flat, etc., taste in mouth.

on rising, bitter, etc., taste in mouth.

on waking, thick mucus in throat.

early, sweet taste in throat, etc.

on waking, thick mucus in throat.

early, sweet taste in throat, etc.

on waking throat rough, etc.

dull stitches in right tonsil.

contraction of the oesophagus, etc.

early, sweetish rising from the stomach.

inclination to vomit. retching in the throat.

faintlike nausea. nausea, etc.

oppression at stomach.

early, on turning in bed, soreness at pit of stomach.

early, before breakfast, pain from the bladder to the chest.

on waking, and while in bed, drawing, etc., in urethra.

early, urging to urinate, etc.

decrease of urine. dry cough.

violent dry cough. cough with expectoration.

early, stiffness of neck, etc.

pain in kidneys. early, pain in coccyx.

weakness of all the limbs, etc.

early, on waking, rigidity of the hands, etc.

on waking, pain in the lower arm.

early, pain in left hip.

early, beating in left calf.

burning stitches in right sole.

early, cutting in right big toe.

would like to sleep long.

upon remaining in bed, after 6 o'clock, begins to sweat.

(Forenoon), Depressed, etc.

indisposed to labor, etc.

heat rises into head. tearing in whole head.

tearing in forehead. tension in spot in right temple.

boring, etc., in temples.

beating, etc., in vertex.

tearing, etc., in right side of head.

drawing in right side of the occiput.

sourish taste in throat.

acid risings into mouth.

cold sensation in stomach.

tearing from hypochondriac region into hip.

sensation as if the hypochondriac regions were pressed together.

cutting, etc., in the hypogastric region.

cough. dry cough. difficult breathing.

pressure in chest. drawing in the muscles of the neck.

tension between scapulae.

twitches at the point of the coccyx.

tearing upper arm, etc.

cutting across the nates..

(Afternoon), Peevish, etc.

headache, etc. stitches in the head, etc.

beating in whole head.

stitch in the forehead.

stitches in the forehead, etc.

beating, etc., in forehead, etc.

in right temple. weakness of the eyelids.

boring in hollow of ear.

rattling, etc., in nose.

drawing, etc., in left cheek, etc.

watery saliva in mouth.

hoarseness, etc., of throat.

pinching at the stomach.

pressure, etc., across stomach, etc.

cutting in region of stomach, etc.

burning, etc., in right hypochondriac region.

worrying around the navel.

pressure in umbilical region, etc.

cold feeling in abdomen.

burning in abdomen. pinching in abdomen.

pinching, etc., in left side of abdomen.

abdomen seems to hang down heavily.

frequent and increased urine.

when sitting, numerous erections.

leucorrhoea. sudden hoarseness.

sudden cough, etc. weight in chest, etc.

sense of contraction around chest.

burning in right side of chest.

tension in back of neck.

tearing in the axillae.

distended veins of hands.

right thumb went to sleep.

tearing from knees to toes, etc.

cramp in calves. shaking chilliness in the back.

warmth in right side of face..

(Evening), Most of the symptoms appear.

throat symptoms. uneasiness.

external pinching, etc., in head.

headache, tearing, etc.

pressive headache. tearing in forehead.

boring into the right temple.

boring, etc., in left temple.

tearing, etc., in left frontal eminence.

redness of the eyes, etc.

pressure in right eye.

biting in left eye. sense of excoriation in the interior of eyes.

burning and dryness of the eyelids, etc.

inflammation of conjunctiva of the right eye.

dim-sightedness. eyes dull and dry.

heat and redness of ear.

stitches in ears. roaring of ears.

pains in the nose, etc.

sensation in nose as if a cold were coming on.

boring in the teeth. boring in the teeth of right side.

drawing in the teeth of right side.

on lying down in bed, cutting toothache.

in bed, saliva accumulates in mouth.

bitter taste, after eating apples.

everything tasteless, etc.

thick mucus in throat.

dryness of the throat.

sourish taste in the throat, etc.

sense of burning in the throat.

constrictive pain in throat, etc.

rawness, etc., of throat.

soreness in throat. aching sore throat.

stitches, etc., in throat.

bitter eructations, etc.

in bed, sour eructations.

hiccough. pain in the stomach, etc.

cold sensation in stomach.

in bed, griping in pit of stomach.

stitches in the stomach, etc.

stitches in left lower ribs.

pinching around the navel.

emission of flatulence.

pinching in the abdomen.

pressing in both groins.

varix of rectum enlarges.

weak feeling in the bladder, etc.

burning in urethra, while urinating.

numerous erections. sudden hoarseness.

dry cough. pinching in the upper chest.

boring pain in chest. pressure on sternum.

before falling asleep in bed, tearing, sticking in small of back.

twitchings in lower extremities, etc.

heat in the face. tearing in the left scapula, etc.

distended veins of hands.

formication in right fingers.

tearing on inside of left knee.

tearing in the knee. sticking, etc., in right knee.

legs feel bruised. in bed, stitches in right tibia.

tension, etc., on surface of right calf.

tearing in each tendo Achillis.

tension in sole of foot.

burning stitches in right sole.

itching of the toes, etc.

in bed, inclines to convulsive laughter.

lassitude, etc. pain in small of back, etc.

burning of eruption across shoulders.

stinging, here and there, of the whole body.

itching, here and there.

cannot fall asleep under an hour.

frequent repetition of chills.

chills over whole body.

feverish symptoms, etc.

alternate chilliness and warmth.

heat in whole body..

(Night), Throat symptoms.

in bed, headache. pressive headache.

agglutination of eyes.

burning, etc., of eyes.

stitches deep in right ear.

violent dry catarrh. in bed, throbbing of roots of teeth.

drawing in one side of throat, etc.

impeded deglutition. distension of the abdomen.

emission of badly smelling flatus.

when lying in bed, numerous erections.

when waking, painful erections.

priapism. leucorrhoea.

dry cough, etc. cramp, etc., of chest.

pressure on chest, etc.

violent pain in chest.

stitches in shoulders, etc.

pain in bend of knee. burning stitches in left big toe.

when waking, anxiety, etc.

sobs and groans in sleep.

uneasiness in all the limbs.

tosses about, etc. chilliness, etc.

heat, with anxiety, etc..

(After dinner), Immediately, all the symptoms become aggravated.

shortly after most of the symptoms come on.

surging in the hand. heat in the head.

pulsate headache. burning, etc., pain in forehead.

pressive pain in forehead.

pressing-in pain in right temple.

face seems larger, etc.

when walking in open air, skin of face tense.

immediately, tickling in the teeth, etc.

mouth feels burnt. clearing throat of phlegm.

rancid eructations. hiccough.

pain at stomach, etc.

drawing in stomach. gnawing in region of stomach.

stitches in stomach, etc.

much distension, with tenesmus.

fulness of abdomen, etc.

passage of badly smelling flatus.

violent attacks of colic.

pain in chest. drowsiness..

(Walking), Severe vertigo.

pressive headache. beating in head.

pain under ribs. abdomen seems to hang down.

varix of rectum enlarges.

dark-colored blood from rectum.

pressure in chest. pressure on sternum.

pain in loins. pain in small of back.

cracking of right knee.

pressure in bend of left knee.

legs feel bruised. gastrocnemii appear too short.

pain at inside of calves.

cutting in right big toe.

pain in legs and loins.

bruised pain in loins, etc..

On closing the eyes but lightly, they are often spasmodically closed with pain.

if he tries to open his eyes in the night, they pain him as if they were oppressed with a sudden flood of bright sunlight, even in darkness.

they become again drawn together.

these symptoms are accompanied by little sleep, and by frequent twitching during the day in the right upper eyelid,.

Gnawing pain in one of the front molar teeth of the lower jaw, with tearing behind the ear, as if the ear would be torn out.

worse at nine o'clock in the evening, and then slowly decreasing.

sitting up in the bed gives a little relief.

after midnight there is only gnawing in the tooth.

the pain remains the same under all circumstances.

in daytime it is dull,.

After dinner, much distension, with tenesmus.

this was afterwards succeeded by the passage of two hard balls of faeces.

afterwards she went to walk, during which the distension of the abdomen continued in spite of the copious emissions of flatulence.

no relief was obtained till a copious evacuation occurred after her walk (ninth day),.

After dinner, violent attacks of colic, the whole afternoon.

short sleep relieves. as soon as he moves, it seems as if they would return, with violent tenesmus and occasional expulsion of faeces.

this lasts until evening.

the anus feels sore, with stinging, so that he cannot sit down without pain.

on the following day, liquid mucus frequently passes off by the rectum, involuntarily (after fourteen days),.

Colic, followed by diarrhoea, this was succeeded by a violent pain in the abdomen, at the place where, when a girl, she had an internal ulcer, which opened.

the pain was like that felt after a violent blow.

she had to rub the place and lay the hand upon it, whilst the body was bent.

this relieved the pain somewhat, but it lasted uniformly the whole day, either sitting or standing (seventeenth day),.

Acrid leucorrhoea, with burning in the genital organs, and still more in the rectum.

these parts seemed inflamed and corroded, so that she found walking difficult.

washing with cold water relieved.

the leucorrhoea was abundant, and flowed almost over her feet.

at the same time blood, resembling meat washings, passed for two days.

three days after the menses (twenty-second day),.

A very general condition corresponding to Alumina is Dryness of mucous membranes and skin, and Tendency to paretic muscular states. Old people, with lack of vital heat, or prematurely old, with debility. Sluggish functions, heaviness, numbness, and staggering, and the characteristic constipation find an excellent remedy in Alumina. Disposition to colds in the head, and eructations in spare, dry, thin subjects. Delicate children, products of artificial baby foods.

Thin, inactive; inclines to lie down

Paretic effects

Talking is exhausting

Exhaustion after menses

DRYNESS; of mucous surfaces, eyes, throat, rectum, etc , or irritability and relaxation

Scanty, thick, acrid discharges (Hyds)

Mucus discharges, profuse before menses, leucorrhoea runs to feet; expectoration

Induration

Chronicity

Illusions of being larger, numb, smooth, heavy, time passing too slowly, etc

Hasty, but slow of execution, hence mistakes in speaking, writing, etc

Peevish

Depressive mental states

Depressed, on awaking

Timorous; fears his own impulses; the sight of knives; loss of reason, etc

Bad memory

Vertigo, worse talking

Violent stitches in brain

Dry, falling hair

Weak eyelids

Double squint; worse teething

Inflamed, burning eyes

Hot, red ear

Dusky wrinkled, old look As of white of egg or a cobweb on face

Teeth feel long; pain extends to other parts (Kali Bich Kali-bi)

Twitching low jaw (Gel)

Uvula hangs down

Throat feels full of sticks or constricted Craves coarse foods (Calc Carb Calc-c)

Big bellied children

Pains from rectum to ankle

Inactive rectum and bladder; strains to pass a soft stool; hard ones cause severe cutting

Stools of small balls, hard knots or bright clots of blood

Must strain at stool to urinate; slow flow

Tickling in sexual organs; increased desire

Profuse leucorrhoea

Constant, dry, hacking cough; interrupts breathing; with sneezing

Sudden loss of voice

As of a hot iron thrust through lower spine

Heavy lower limbs; staggering

Festination Locomotor ataxia

Totters, if eyes are closed

Painful soles

Gnawing under nails

Bones feel squeezed

Dry, rough, cracked skin

Itching burning over seat of pain

Intolerable itching from heat of bed

Eczema

Chilliness; better open air

Heat, with itching

Argilla. Oxide of Aluminium. Pure Clay. AL2 O3 3H2O. Trituration.

Like its relative Alumen Alumen, Alumina produces irritation of mucous membranes with dryness or extreme secretion and paralysis of involuntary muscles, as those of the rectum and of the nervous and muscular systems generally.

Alumina paralyses the bowels in the same way as lead, to which it is an antidote.

Even small and soft stools are passed with great difficulty.

Pregnant women and children are liable to this kind of constipation.

A very prominent characteristic is that a person must strain at stool in order to urinate.

Teste groups Alumina with Sepia Sepia and Copaiva.

He considers it the chronic of Sepia Sepia as Silica Marina Silic. is of Pulsatilla Puls.

Paralysis of the internal rectus muscle of the eye, causing squint.

Also ptosis. Drawing, pains appear in the limbs; a sensation of constriction in several organs.

Several painful symptoms show themselves after the midday meal, and continue till evening, when they disappear or are replaced by others which begin only then.

On the other hand the pains which appear in the morning or in the evening are abated after eating.

Trembling, convulsive movements of the limbs and head; spasms, with tears and laughter alternately.

There is exaltation of the whole nervous system.

Trembling of the whole body with desire to lie down, which, however, agg. the fatigue.

Great general fatigue, even after a short walk, but chiefly after speaking.

Frequent stretching while sitting.

The nates go to sleep while sitting.

Drags legs (especially left).

Many of the symptoms of locomotor ataxy are reproduced by Alumina, and it is one of the most useful remedies in that disease.

Boenninghausen cured a case with Aluminium.

Sluggishness of action is characteristic of this medicine.

urine is slow in passing.

great straining to pass even a soft stool.

can only evacuate bowels when standing.

has to strain as if abdomen and rectum were paralysed. (Causticum Caust. has defecation only when standing; but the straining is less.) Sensations are slow in being transmitted to the centres.

In the mental sphere there is confusion. "When he says anything he feels as if another person had said it, and when he sees anything, as if another person had seen it, or as if he could transfer himself into another, and only then could see." A feeling of hurry follows, things do not move fast enough.

Impulses. Suicidal tendency, a sudden impulse from seeing blood on a knife.

Sad; apprehensive; wants to getaway; fears going crazy.

Mental symptoms mostly come on in the morning on waking.

Vertigo on closing eyes.

Catarrh is a very general feature.

Catarrh with dryness of mucous membranes.

The throat looks parched and glazed.

The nose is stopped, feels dry, and the point of it is cracked.

Alm. has the fish-bone sensation in the throat on swallowing.

There is profuse leucorrhoea running down to the heels, sometimes excoriating.

As with the mucous membrane so with the skin itching eruptions agg. from warmth of bed.

Eruptions of all kinds, indurations, ulcers.

Granular eyelids. Hairs fall out all over body.

The skin of the face feels as if covered with dried white of egg, or as if a cobweb was on it.

Fissures. Alumina has some curious symptoms in the digestive sphere.

There is a craving for dry rice and dry food.

It has agg. from starch, especially the starch of potatoes. agg.

From salt, wine, vinegar, spirits.

Burning pains in the back are very characteristic, and especially a sensation as if a hot iron were forced through the lower vertebrae.

There are pulsations in various parts.

The pains go upward. Upper left; lower right affected (opposite of Lycopodium Lyc.).

The symptoms are agg. on alternate days; periodically.

Guernsey describes a characteristic periodicity thus "Patient gets along nicely for a time, then, from no apparent cause, gets worse for a time, then better, and soon a relapse may be worse than the original illness, another relapse not so bad, and so on with longer intervals between." In afternoons.

at new or full moon. agg. in the morning on waking. agg.

After coitus. agg. In cold air, out of doors; in dry weather.

They are amel. by cold washing; by moistening the part; by warm food or drink; by warmth generally.

Alumina is suited to persons of sedentary habits who suffer from chronic ailments; to constitutions with diminished animal heat.

Psoric persons. The action of Alumina is slow in developing, and the remedy must not be changed quickly.

(Oxide of aluminum.)

To secure quite pure clay, a matter of some difficulty, we may use the following process Pure muriate of lime which has been thoroughly dried by heating in a porcelain bowl is pulverized while still hot, and dissolved in as much alcohol as is required. Half an ounce of white Roman alum from Solfatara is dissolved in five parts of distilled water and to remove any adherent earth is filtered. The Sulphuricum Acidum sulphuric acid contained in its is precipitated in the form of gypsum, by dropping in the alcoholic solution of muriate of lime until the solution of alum is no longer rendered turbid thereby. The clear watery fluid on top then contains muriate of alumina, from which this earth is precipitated by means of alcoholic spirits of ammonia. It is then well washed and then thoroughly heated in order to completely remove the ammonia. The powder is then, while warm, preserved in a well-stoppered glass vial, and is pure alumina. One grain of this is then triturated in the well-known manner with thrice one hundred grains of sugar of milk. Through solution and further dilution with alcohol, it is then brought to the decillionth potency, in the manner directed at the conclusion of the first volume with respect to dry medicinal substances. Alumina has proved itself an important antipsoric. It proved itself excellent when it was otherwise homoeopathically suitable to the case, when one or several of the following states were present

I am sorry to say the significance of the use of medicines as given in the preface to most of the remedies, and which have often been unreliably reported, has been now and then misunderstood, having been regarded as determining the choice of remedies in the treatment of diseases (as ); this they cannot and should not be.

they are not names of diseases healed, but only of separate symptoms which, in treating a disease with the specified medicine, were either diminished or removed . To use them otherwise is a deceptive procedure which we leave now as before to our allopathic step-brothers. They are, on the contrary, only to serve to furnish occasionally a little confirmation of the correct choice of the homoeopathic remedy, already found out from their pure peculiar medicinal effects, as according to the similarity of the symptoms of disease of the special case under consideration.

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Moroseness. solicitude.

timidity. dislike to work.

difficulty in recollecting and reflecting.

. headache as if the hair was pulled out, with nausea.

pressure on the forehead.

rush of blood to the eyes and nose, with epistaxis.

itching of the forehead.

heaviness of the face, tumor-like swellings in the face, sensation of coldness in the eyes while walking in the open air.

pressure, every evening, in the corner of the eye as from a grain of sand.

closing of the eyes from pus, and lachrymation.

buzzing before the ear.

redness of the nose. tearing, lancinating pain in the cheek-bone.

dryness in the mouth.

many years' tendency to rising from the stomach.

acid risings. disordered appetite, now strong, now wanting.

. pains in the scrobiculus cordis and the hypochondria while stooping.

colic the morning. inactivity of the rectum.

. urinating at night. discharge of prostatic juice during difficult stools.

excessive sexual desire.

scanty menses. pains during the menses.

. proneness to frequent colds of many years' standing.

coryza and cough. rawness in the throat.

catarrh of the throat and of the chest.

dyspnoea. asthma. cough.

itching in the breasts.

pain in the thyroid cartilage on touching it.

palpitation of the heart.

shocks of the heart. , while at rest.

paralytic . pains in the arms, while they are hanging down or while they are stretched out in bed.

stitches in the wrist while working.

chapping and excoriation of the hands.

paronychia. at night the legs go to sleep, are stiff and numb.

painful weariness of the articulations of the feet while sitting.

cold feet. burning sensation in the toes.

twitching and trembling in the limbs.

frequent stretching and extension of the limbs while sitting.

disagreeable lack of vital warmth.

ill effects of vexation.

falling asleep late. the sleep is too light.

dreamy sleep. stupor, unrefreshing sleep.

chilliness in the evening.

fever and ague, the chills appearing immediately after the warm soup at dinner-time. According to , Bryonia Bryonia is an antidote to the excessive fever-effects of alumina. Others mention Chamomilla Chamomilla and Ipecacuanha Ipecacuanha as antidotes.

But it is hardly to be excused that the Homoeopathic public should be expected to give absolute credit to an unknown person designated merely with the two letters N-g in this most important and serious work which requires circumspection, acuteness of the senses, subtle gift of observation and strict criticism of one's own sensations and perceptions, as well as a correct choice of expression, in prosecuting a work which is an indispensable foundation of our healing art.

The pathogenesis of Alumina resembles that of Agaricus Muscarius Agaricus, in appearing for the first time in the second edition, but being made up almost entirely of already published provings. Hahnemann's own symptoms may be included in this description.

for Hering writes ( sub voce) Hahnemann had proved the pure earth when Hartlaub and Trinks edited a collection of 975 symptoms, obtained from four provers," -the Hartlaub, Ng., SchréTerebinthina ter and Trinks of the above list- "in their in 1829. The year after, Hahnemann published his own observations in Stapf's Archiv.

viz. 215 symptoms obtained from a much better preparation. Hartlaub simply purified his preparation by washing it, which never can suffice but Hahnemann subjected his to a red heat." No information is given as to the subjects and doses of his provings (it provings they were).

but with Hartlaub and Trinks the 1st trituration and 9th dilution were employed. Of the source of Bute's symptoms we have no information.

.

Alumina note of Hahnemann had led to a good deal of mistrust of the symptoms of the anonymous observer in question, which has been increased by their excessive number. Dr. Roth having counted more than eleven thousand in the several contributions to our Materia Medica made by him between 1828 and 1836. The same critic also says, that he has fount great sameness in his pathogenetic lists. Dr. Hering, however (Allen's Encyclopaedia III, 640) had explained why "Ng." -the surgeon Cajatan Nenning- had to keep his name concealed.

and has shown that his symptoms were obtained by genuine provings on healthy subjects. Nenning himself has given in the for 1839 a similar account to explain the copiousness of his symptom lists. "A number of persons in part related to me and in part friendly (they were millinery pupils of his wife's) were gathered together by me, and in consideration of board and payment, made experiments. Along with them were also my two daughters.

and with complete reliance on the honesty of them all, I gave one medicine to one and another to another, writing down all that they reported. It was as matter of conscience on my part not to omit the smallest particular, and that thereby frequent repetitions have arisen, I grant readily, but I thought that just in that way the sphere of action of the medicine could be best recognized."

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ALUMINA.

When he has lightly closed his eyes in bed, they often contract spasmodically and painfully with a jerk, and if he wishes to open his eyes at night, even in the dark, they ache violently, with pressive pains as if from a most bright sunlight suddenly admitted, and they contract again.

he can get but little sleep at night, and during the day there is frequent quivering in the right upper eyelid.;.

Gnawing pain in an anterior molar of the lower jaw with tearing behind the ear and a sensation as if it would tear it out.

worst at 9 P.M., then slowly decreasing, somewhat alleviated by sitting up in bed, and after midnight there is merely a gnawing pain in the tooth. The pain is unchanged under all circumstances, during the day it merely mutters.;.

Violent attacks of colic after dinner, during the afternoon, improved by a short nap, but soon returning, as it seemed, through motion with violent tenesmus and frequent passage of excrements until the evening, so that the anus pains with stitches as if sore, and he cannot sit down without pains.

on the following day involuntary discharge of fluid mucus from the anus (aft. 14 d.).;.

Acrid leucorrhoea with burning in the genital organs and still more in the rectum.

these parts were, inflamed and excoriated so that she found walking difficult, relieved by washing with cold water.

the leucorrhoea was frequent and almost flowed over her feet.

at the same time appeared blood like bloody water 3 days after the catamenia had ceased (22d d.).;.

* * * * *

Bryonia Bryonia is an antidote to fevers caused by Alumina.

Pure Clay. Hahnemann. Al2 O3

* * * *

Cough dry, hacking, with frequent sneezing.

from sensation as of loose skin hanging in throat.

from elongated uvula. from talking or singing.

short. causes pains in right temple and top of head, sometimes also difficult breathing.

soon after waking in the morning.

every morning a long attack of dry cough, ending in difficult raising of a little white mucus.

with tearing pain and involuntary emission of urine, in old or withered looking people.

Alumen Alumen and Alumina Alumina comes in very nicely after Alumen Alumen, which has much Alumina in its nature and depends largely upon Alumina, which is its base, for its way of working.

It occurs to me to throw out a little hint. When you have a good substantial proving of an oxide or a carbonate, and the mental symptoms are well brought out, you can use these, in a measure in a presumptive way, in prescribing another salt, with the same base, which has a few mental symptoms in its proving.

For instance, you have a group of symptoms decidedly relating to Alumen Alumen

The mental symptoms of Alumen Alumen, however, have not been brought out to any extent, but still you have the mental symptoms of the base of Alumen Alumen, which is the oxide, so that if the patient has the mental symptoms of Alumina and the physical symptoms of Alumen Alumen, you can rationally presume that Alumen Alumen will cure because of the Aluminum in each.

There is a state of weakness of the muscles supplied by these nerves.

weakness over the whole body. There is difficulty in swallowing, a paralytic condition of the oesophagus.

difficulty in raising or moving the arms.

paralysis of one side of the body, or paralysis of the muscles of the lower extremities, or of the bladder and rectum.

The paralytic state begins as a sort of a semi - paralysis, for a long time merely an inactivity, which grows at length into a complete paralytic condition. Everything is slowed down.

The conductivity of the nerves is impaired so that a prick of a pin upon the extremities is not felt until a second or so afterwards. All of his senses are impaired in this way until it really means a benumbing of the consciousness and appears to be a kind of stupefaction of his intellect, a mental sluggishness. Impressions reach his mind with a marked degree of slowness.

You will see that Alumina corresponds to a constitution that may be called psoric-old, broken-down, feeble constitutions, scrofulous constitutions, such as are inclined to tubercles and catarrhal affections.

The catarrhal tendency of Alumina is marked. Catarrhs are found wherever mucous membranes exist. Alumina affects the skin and mucous membrane extensively, i. e., the external and internal skin, the surfaces of the body.

Its greatest usefulness is as a remedy for taking cold.

In this respect it is like Silicea Sil., Graphites Graph. and Sulphur Sulfur It effects tissue changes, and it does this slowly, for it is a slow-acting medicine.

While the patient himself with these deep seated psoric affections feels better generally after the remedy, it will be months before his symptoms go away.

He may say "I feel better, but my symptoms all appear to be here. I can eat better and sleep better."

Then it would be unwise to change the remedy. You need not expect to get immediate relief of the catarrhs and pains in the back and other symptoms for which you gave Alumina.

You may be satisfied if you get the results after many weeks. You will find the same thing in the paralytic weakness produced by Plumbum Metallicum Plumbum.

Vomiting of food, mucus or bile. Nausea, vertigo, heartburn, much flatulence. Vomits mucus and water. Stomach is distended with gas. The liver is full. of suffering. Both hypochondria are full of misery, but especially the right.

The remedy, Alumina, has cured many of these old cases. Threatening chronic catarrh. The mucous membrane everywhere is in a congested state and is weak.

Inactivity of the rectum; even the soft stool requires great straining.

Anaemia in women, who are hungry for starch, chalk, rags, Carbo Veg charcoal, cloves and other ridiculous unnatural; things; potatoes disagree, profuse leucorrhoea.

Great heaviness in lower limbs, weak, has to sit down; numbness of heels; sense of hot iron thrust through back.


The chief characteristic leading to the use or Alumina is found in its peculiar constipation. "Inactivity of the rectum, even the soft stool requires great straining." Like Bryonia Bryonia, there is no desire for stool and the constipation seems to depend upon dryness of the mucous follicles. Again it is adapted to dry, spare subjects. There are other points of resemblance between these two remedies and they complement each other well. There are both excellent in infantile constipation, which is often a very obstinate affection to treat. Anacardium Occidentale Anacardium, Sepia Sepia, Silicea Silicea and Veratrum Album Veratrum album are nearest of kin in this lack of expulsive power in the rectum.

Alumina has also a sensation of constriction in the throat and oesophagus. It hurts to swallow. Alumina is recommended for the following symptoms, which often appear in locomotor ataxia "Great heaviness in the lower limbs.

Clinical

Anus, affections of. Boils. Bubo. Catarrh. Chlorosis. Constipation. Constipation of nursing infants. Cough. Disappointments, effects of. Dysentery. Dyspepsia. Eczema. Eyes, affections of. Fissures. Fistula. Headache. Hernia. Irritation. Leucorrhoea. Locomotor ataxy. Nails, affections of. Otorrhoea. Ozaena. Paralysis. Pregnancy, constipation of. Pregnancy, toothache of. Prostatorrhoea. Rhagades. Scrofula. Strabismus. Taste, disordered. Tetters, moist and itching. Throat, affections of. Trismus. Typhus.

Region

SPINAL CORD, lumbar

Abdomen, left

RECTUM

Lower limbs

Mucus membranes

Skin