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Belladonna - General symptoms

Deadly Nightshade, Bellad, Belladona


Boiron and HomeodelWHP - Washington HomeopathicHylands and Standard Homeopathic
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HPUS indication: Fever

Homeopathic remedies are prescribed on the basis that in a tiny dilution like cures like, so while the very dilute homeopathic remedy may help, the raw product is often best avoided.

Below are the strongest indications (i.e. symptoms) of Belladonna in traditional homeopathic usage, not reviewed by the FDA.

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GENERAL

General

All acute inflammatory diseases present prominent head symptoms, pain, red puffed face, throbbing carotids and delirium, and spasms, or jerks and twitchings.

Eyes staring, red, blood-shot and pupils first contracted, then greatly dilated.

Mouth and throat very dry, red, sometimes greatly swollen; all mucous surfaces correspondingly dry and hot.

Pains appear suddenly, and after a while disappear as suddenly as they came.

Skin very red and hot, fairly radiates heat; burns the hand touching it, but sweats on covered parts.

Several inflammations which streak out in radii from a center.

Modalities worse after 3 P. M. or after midnight from uncovering, or draft of air, and lying down; better from covering and head high.

Great liability to take cold; sensitive to draft of air, especially when uncovering the head; from having the hair cut (Hep.); tonsils swell after riding in a cold wind (Aconite Acon.).

Imagines he sees ghosts, hideous faces, and various insects (Stramonium Stram.); black animals, dogs and wolves.

Abdomen tender, distended worse by least jar, even the bed; obliged to walk with great care for fear of a jar.

Pain in right ileo-caecal region, worse by slightest touch, even the bed covers.

Pressing downwards, as if the contents of abdomen would issue from the vulva; worse standing and sitting erect; worse mornings (compare Lithium Muriaticum Lit. mur., Sep.).

Tongue Red and dry, with red edges and white coating in the middle; Papillae bright and prominent, like scarlatina (Aconite Acon., Antimonium Tartaricum Ant. t.), offensive, putrid taste in throat when eating or drinking, although food tastes natural.


We now come to consider what I call the trio of delirium remedies -Belladonna, Hyoscyamus Niger Hyoscyamus and Stramonium Stramonium. Many other remedies have delirium, but these three deserve to head the list. Belladonna may also be called pre-eminently a head remedy. In most complaints where this remedy is indicated head symptoms preponderate. The blood all seems to be rushing to the head. (Amyl Nitrosum Amyl nitrite, Glonoin Glonoine, Melilotus Officinalis Melilotus). The head is hot while the extremities are cool. The eyes are red and blood-shot. The face is also red, almost purple red. The carotid arteries throb so as to be plainly visible. There is either great pain, pressure or sense of fullness, or an almost stupid condition. The wild, terrible delirium, if present, may be found with pain, or even with no complaint of pain. In delirium the patient "imagines he sees ghosts, hideous faces and animals and insects." Fears all sorts of imaginary things and wants to run away from them; breaks out into fits of laughter or screams and gnashes his teeth.

In inflammations, which localize, Belladonna is in the first stage as often the leading remedy as any other. It does not make much difference where they localize, whether in head, throat, mammae or elsewhere, if they come on suddenly, pursue a rapid course, are red, painful and especially throbbing. It is astonishing how many local inflammations, even a carbuncle or boil, will so disturb the general system and circulation, as to produce the general inflammatory fever, with the characteristic head symptoms calling for Belladonna, and no less astonishing how this remedy controls the whole condition, both local and general, when indicated. What! exclaims the believer in local applications, give Belladonna internally for a boil on the hand or foot? Yes, indeed, not only Belladonna, but Merc Viv Mercurius, Hepar Sulphuris, Tarentula Hispanica Tarantula Cubensis, and many others, and you will not have any need for local medication at all. It is only in the first or congestive or active inflammatory stage that this remedy is in place; but, if properly administered then, it will often abort the whole thing and never leave it to finish all its stages, or if not, so modify as to make it comparatively insignificant.

Belladonna is one of our best remedies in the diseases of children, even vieing with Chamomilla Chamomilla. They come suddenly, almost without warning. This sudden and intense onset of fever is sometimes duplicated in Cina Cina cases, but there is helminthiasis in connection with it. Child is well one minute and sick the next, and one very characteristic symptom in these cases is, the child is very hot, with red face and semi-stupor, but every little while starts or jumps in sleep as if it might go into spasms. This condition is often found in children and then Belladonna is like "oil upon troubled waters." Remember Belladonna inflammations localize more than they do in Aconite Aconite. I drew the difference between these two remedies in inflammations and inflammatory fevers when writing upon Aconite Aconite. There is no use of confounding them. Some do so; but, in so doing, only exhibit their ignorance.

There are, in every remedy, symptoms of sensation, circumstance, constitution or modality which are peculiar both to diseases and remedies. These symptoms are not always easily accounted for. The attempt to explain them from a pathological standpoint is not always possible or even necessary were it possible. A simple acceptance of them as facts is often more sensible than to wait long to find the often unfindable. To act as a prescriber upon what we know is better than waiting, because we cannot explain or account for it. For instance, it is not easy to tell why "the pains of Belladonna appear suddenly and after a time disappear as suddenly as they come," while those of Stannum Iodatum Stannum "gradually increase to a great height and as gradually decline," or Sulphuricum Acidum Sulphuric acid "begin slowly and decline suddenly," or "gradually increase and suddenly cease" but so it is, and the acceptance of these facts enables the homoeopathic prescriber to cure his patient, whether he can explain them or not. Guernsey says -"This medicine is particularly applicable, and in fact takes the lead over all others in cases in which quickness or suddenness of either sensation or motion is predominant." To be sure all these symptoms have their pathological explanation if we could give it; but, acting on our law of Similia, we can cure our patients and are not left at sea, without chart or compass, because we cannot explain. We know that these symptoms are the natural outcry of the pathological state, and that the administration of a poison which is capable of setting up a similar outcry cures the patient. What else is necessary? Either this is true, or Homoeopathy is a humbug.

The simple fact, abundantly proven, that the remedy having the symptoms corresponding to the symptoms of the patient, cures him, no matter what the pathology, where a cure is at all possible, is one of the greatest discoveries of scientific investigation. Long live the name of Hahnemann the discoverer.

From out description thus far of this remedy you would expect it to be a good one for congestive headaches, and so it is, and not only so, but for neuralgic headaches. Throbbing pains, with the already described evidence of congestion of blood to the head. Belladonna headaches, whether congestive or neuralgic, are worse on stooping forward, bending downward, or lying down, anything that takes the patient out of the perpendicular. "Worse on lying down," in fact, seems to be a very reliable general characteristic. The elder Lippe once told me of a case of suspicious enlargement or swelling and pain of the breast of long standing, which, as he expressed it, seemed likely to prove a case for the surgeon (cancer), which was entirely cured by a few doses of Belladonna, to which he was guided by this symptom of the pains being so much worse on lying down. Since then I have observed and verified this symptom in many cases of different kinds. I will not stop to give all the symptoms that might be present in Belladonna headaches.

No remedy has greater affinity for the throat. The burning, dryness (Sabadilla Sabadilla), sense of constriction (constant desire to swallow to relieve the sense of dryness, Lyssin N/A ), with or without swelling of the palate and tonsils, is sometimes intense. I once witnessed a case of poisoning in which these symptoms were terribly distressing.

There are two very characteristic symptoms in the abdominal region, viz. "Tenderness of the abdomen, aggravated by the least jar, in walking, or stepping, or even the bed or chair, upon which she sits or lies"; and "pressure downward as if the contents of the abdomen would issue through the vulva, worse mornings." This last symptom is found under other remedies, notably Lilium Tigrinum Lilium tigrinum and Sepia Sepia. With Belladonna there is often associated with this pressure downward a pain in the back "as if it would break." "Starting and jumping," or "twitching in sleep," or on going to sleep is characteristic.

So also is "sleepy, but cannot sleep," and "moaning during sleep."

With Belladonna the head likes wrapping up or covering, takes cold when it is uncovered or from cutting the hair (Silicea Silicea). (Glonoin Glonoine; can't bear hat on).

Uniform, smooth, shining, scarlet redness of the skin, so hot that it imparts a burning sensation to the hand of one who feels of it, is very characteristic (H. N. Guernsey).

Convulsions with other symptoms of Belladonna are very frequently found under this remedy.

I have here endeavoured to give an outline of this great remedy. A volume might be profitably written upon its virtues. No one remedy would be more greatly missed than this, if it were to be expunged from our great Materia Medica, but we must leave it here and proceed to notice.

(Morning), When getting up, vertigo.

on rising, head heavy.

early, headache. early, soon after waking, pain under frontal eminences.

soon after waking, on rising, pain under frontal eminences.

early, on waking, headache above eyes.

in about a quarter of an hour after rising, and after stirring about, side of head ached.

white of eye streaked with red, etc.

darkness before eyes. on going out, black points, etc.

before eyes. immediately after waking, fluttering, etc., before the ears.

bleeding of the nose. on waking, epistaxis, etc.

tongue feels asleep, etc.

on waking, slimy mouth.

bad small from mouth. after rising, mucus in mouth.

loss of appetite, etc.

in bed, cutting in belly.

pressing towards generative organs, etc.

immediately after getting out of bed, pain in hypogastrium.

frequent micturition, etc.

in bed and after rising phlegm.

when coughing, expectoration of bloody mucus.

when turning head to and fro, stiffness between scapulae, etc.

beating of arteries of head, etc.

after rising, sleepiness, etc.

febrile chill. sweat..

(Afternoon), Pains in general.

anxiety, etc. while walking in open air, sensation of heart blowing against eyes.

vomiting of mucus. squeezing together in umbilical region.

cough. shortness of breath.

after drinking coffee, shortness of breath.

pains in hips, etc. feeling of weariness.

shuddering, etc. fever.

shivering..

(Evening), Violent delirium.

speech incoherent. lively, etc.

mirthful mood. headache.

stitches through head.

stitches in occiput. in bed, on reading, letters run together.

attacks of deafness. face bluish-red, etc.

after lying down, toothache.

toothache. accumulation of water in the mouth.

sour taste of bread, etc.

astonishing thirst. nausea, etc.

vomiting. pinching in abdomen, etc.

a few hours before going to bed, cutting in abdomen.

feeling of fulness in hypogastric zone, etc.

before falling asleep in bed, tearing in spermatic cord.

sexual desire. after lying down in bed, tickling, etc., in larynx.

about 10 o'clock, cough commences.

in bed, constriction, etc., in chest.

in bed, oppression of chest, etc.

drawing along the spine.

swelling of feet. in bed, when drawing up knees, cramp in sole of foot.

in bed, itching pricking on the skin.

yawning, etc. in bed, chill, etc.

while undressing, slight chilliness, etc.

heat in hands.

(Night), Pains in general.

tries to bite those about him.

claps hands together over the head, etc.

delirium. ravings. anxiety, etc.

loss of conciseness, etc.

on turning in bed, vertigo.

in bed, epistaxis, etc.

toothache. drawing in upper teeth.

toothache. hiccough, etc.

vomiting. burning in bladder, etc.

pressing in vesical region.

diuresis. in bed, cough.

shortness of breath, etc.

intermittent breathing.

pains in hips, etc. pain in thigh.

in bed, nervous feeling in legs.

sensation in leg as if jammed.

restlessness, etc.

in bed, after lying down, itching.

fever. febrile chill, etc.

profuse sweat. sweat of the genitals.

5 to 11 P.M., drowsiness, etc.

4 P.M. till midnight, sweat all over..

The delirium was of a busy, restless, vivid character, but generally rather pleasing than otherwise. The patients appeared to think they were pursuing their ordinary occupations.

one boy appeared eager in flying a kite, another pulled tables and chairs about, thinking he was working in a coal-pit, and a woman appeared to be remarkably busy with her household duties. All their movements were of a quick excited character, strikingly resembling delirium tremens,.

The delirium was attended with phantasms, and in this respect resembled that caused by alcohol, but the mind did not run on cats, rats, and mice, as in the case of drunkards. Sometimes the phantasms appeared to bed in the air, and various attempts were made to catch them or chase them with the hands.

at other times they were supposed to be on the bed. One patient (a woman) fancied the sheets were covered with cucumbers,.

The slight delirium that followed the action of the narcotic was of a strange, yet not unpleasant, kind. The intellectual operations at times were very vivid. Thoughts came and went, and ludicrous and fantastic spectacles were always uppermost in my mind. I was conscious that my language and gesticulations were extravagant, yet I had neither the power nor will to do otherwise than I did.

and, notwithstanding my bodily malaise, my mind was in a state of delightful exhilaration,.

She complained first of "a sensation of madness in her brain," then suddenly lost the power of speaking and swallowing, and fell into a comatose state. The head was bent forward on the chest, eyes closed, breathing heavy and stertorous, pupils widely dilated, hands and feet cold, pulse scarcely perceptible, jaws firmly fixed. After rousing, appeared conscious when spoken to, but could not answer. Soporose throughout the day, speech gradually returning. (Second day.) Has passed a restless night, sleep being much disturbed by frightful dreams.

complains of intense pain in the head, and says that it feels enormously large.

great intolerance of light and nose. At noon, very delirious, and would persist that there were horrid monsters all over the room staring at her. (Third day.) Head much relieved after leeching. Passed a restless night, her sleep, she says, being disturbed by "miserable phantoms." From this point gradual amendment took place,.

Wildly delirious, but quite fantastic, almost hysterical, laughing wildly and crying, and not at all conscious.

pupils widely dilated.

he evidently saw visions, as in delirium tremens, for he was constantly grasping and picking at imaginary objects.

the odor of Belladonna was strong from his hands and feet.

quite blind, and stared vacantly,.

After three hours she was very delirious, talking fast, and throwing about her arms in an excited but feeble way.

her pupils were widely dilated and insensible to light.

her pulse was 126. Three-quarters of an hour later she was very restless, tossing about the bed, picking at the bedclothes, and throwing about her arms in a meaningless way, but partially conscious of what was said to her. A "calabarized disc" was placed in one eye (the left).

in about twenty minutes the left pupil had contracted to a pin's point, the right pupil remaining widely dilated and insensible to light.

the eyes continued thus till death, which occurred sixteen hours after taking the poison,.

He was very restless and noisy. He was continually getting in and out of bed, and talking loudly and incoherently to imaginary persons, who, as he said, were trying to take away his bedclothes. He complained of faintness, and of soreness and dryness of the throat, and pain across the forehead. He had vomited once and had been several times to the water-closet. He said his sight was all right, but evidently did not know what he was saying. Temperature 98.5.

pulse 140, very weak. The skin was moist.

the face flushed. The pupils were widely dilated and quite insensible to light,.

All but two had delirium of a busy, restless, vivid character, but generally rather pleasing than otherwise. The patients appeared to think that they were pursuing their ordinary occupations.

one boy appeared eager in flying a kite.

another pulled tables and chairs about, thinking he was working in a coal pit.

while the woman appeared remarkably busy with her ordinary household duties. All their movements were of a quick excited character, strikingly resembling delirium tremens. In none of the cases in which delirium was present were the symptoms alleviated until sleep was obtained.

and after sleep, the patients felt comparatively well,.

She began to snatch at objects on the floor and elsewhere, which objects only existed in her own fancy. These visionary phenomena were, by her talk, found to be chiefly articles of work and various insects, beetles, flies, etc. (after five hours). As evening came on, she became nearly blind, restless to an inordinate degree, excessively and loudly talkative, incoherent and unmeaning in her words, which almost wholly, along with the movements of her hands, betokened a concern in her employment, or some immediate interest in her brothers and sisters who were not present. The tongue became somewhat dry, thick frothy mucus adhering to its sides. The skin was still more hot, and the pulse as high as 120. The delirium from this time rapidly increased.

at one time expressive of great joy, at another great terror,.

What was particularly observable in this case was a great deal of exhilaration or flow of spirits.

a marked stimulation of the brain. The child did everything in a hurry, and saw the bright side, rather than the dark one, of what was observed. The Belladonna was taken about 4 P.M. The greatest amount of excitement or stimulation showed itself between 7 and 8 P.M., and it was fully 11 P.M. before she could be quieted so as to fall into a disturbed sleep,.

A few minutes after eating the tart he became drowsy, his lethargy soon increased, his countenance changed color, and the pupils of his eyes became dilated.

had a strange coppery taste in mouth.

staggered on going upstairs, and fell down insensible. He subsequently became delirious, and was very rough. His contortions were dreadful. He attempted to strike his wife in his delirium, and when he recovered a little, said he was sorry, and asked her to kiss N/A him,.

Pressive pain in the forehead, so severe during motion that it caused him to close his eyes.

easier in sitting. he was obliged to lie down, upon which it disappeared.

it returned immediately on rising, for two days, and was not aggravated by eating or drinking.

but as soon as he went into the open air, the forehead seemed to be pressed in as if a heavy stone lay on it.

on the third day, the pain disappeared entirely, while he was sitting in the room,.

One drop of the tincture was added to ninety-nine drops of water, and the right eye was rubbed in the usual way, but no effect was perceived. Afterwards one drop of tincture was added to nine drops of water, and this was applied in the same manner, again no effect was noticed.

then a drop was added to four drops of water, and applied.

this experiment succeeded, a perceptible contraction of the pupil was noticed. Some months later the last-mentioned experiment was repeated at noon. Two drops of tincture were added to eight of water. Small portions of this dilution were rubbed over the eye at intervals during half an hour. At the end of this time the pupil was slightly contracted, it was less than of the other eye. Afterwards the remainder was rubbed over the same eye, at intervals during another half hour.

a slight dilatation of this pupil was noticed, it was larger than the other. This dilatation afterwards increased considerably, and had not disappeared on the following morning,.

After vertigo came on the affection of the eyesight, every object growing dim, as though a cloud were between the eye and it.

sometimes objects appeared double, and passed before the eye with an undulating motion. I observed that by a strong effort of the will a concentration of the nervous power, this paralysis of the retina (?) might for a moment be combated, but only to return with greater severity when the mental effort had been succeeded by its corresponding relaxation. The pupils were immovably dilated,.

He stared now straight before him, now around, and screamed out that he saw rats, mice, dogs, cats, and large black animals (always only dark objects) on the walls, furniture, etc. These dark visions lasted four hours. About this time the body, especially the cold extremities, began to grow warm, his face became lively and red, the eyes vivacious, bright, expressive of joy and astonishment.

the lips dry. speech was short, but articulation distinct.

his answers to questions were hasty, laconic, and dry. It was very difficult to draw his attention for a moment from his yet all-brilliant visions.

he was enraptured, appeared happy, and content.

his limbs were in constant motion.

he groped with his hands after colored butterflies, shining insects, etc., which he fancied he saw on the physician's clothes,.

In about one and a half hours the face of the child was covered with spots the size of a Argentum Metallicum silver quarter, and larger. These spots were of a bright red color, and a little elevated and puffy, similar to nettlerash. These gradually coalesced, and in about two hours covered the face and front of the neck. Around the spots was a white border.

also around the mouth,.

Intensely painful sensation of cramp in the lumbo-sacral region and the coccyx.

he can only sit for a short time, and while sitting becomes quite stiff and unable to rise again for pain.

he cannot even lie down well.

he often wakes at night because of it, and has to turn on the other side because of the violence of the pain.

he cannot lie at all on the back.

he is relieved chiefly by standing and walking slowly about, but he cannot walk fast (for eight days),.

In the morning, immediately after getting out of bed, a violent, tensive, pressing pain in the whole of the hypogastrium, but especially in the region of the os pubis.

it appears as if the hypogastrium (rarely the epigastrium), were spasmodically constricted, sometimes as if it were distended (although not really so).

pains which gradually increase and gradually decrease (after twenty hours),.

Two hours later, he was affected with extreme desire to micturate, though he could pass only a few drops of perfectly colorless urine. From this time till he lost consciousness his desire to pass urine was constant.

wherever he could retire he did so, but succeeded in expelling from the bladder, with considerable effort, only a few drops of colorless fluid,.

Pain in the thighs and legs, as if they were bruised all over, and as if they were rotten.

fine shooting and gnawing along the shafts of the bones, with violent tearing in the joints.

the pain gradually rises from the tarsal joints to the hips, obliges him, while sitting, continually to move and shift the feet, and becomes milder when walking (after four hours),.

Fast asleep (after three hours).

sleeping quietly without stertor (after six hours and a half).

after the application of cold to the scrotum and spine, tickling and pinching the feet and legs, the patient became partially aroused at 3.30 A.M. (after sleeping nine hours and a half).

he then slept quietly till morning, when he woke of his own accord,.

A dose of 2 to 30 drops, especially the latter, caused slight dryness of the mouth and nose, insipid taste, yellowish fur on the tongue, diminished appetite, dulness in the frontal region, roaring in the ears, weakness of vision, with normal, rather contracted pupils.

in one person, in addition, pain in the small of the back.

in another person stitches in the region of the shoulder, and in the left side in the region of the false ribs.

From 35 to 60 drops the above-mentioned symptoms in the mouth and fauces increased to a distressing degree.

There was burning in the hard palate and throat, with great redness of these parts the voice became hoarse, the intestines distended by gas and painful.

The head became dull, there were vertigo, sleepiness, and frequent yawning, restless sleep.

In two provers there were also transient stitches in the region of the heart, tearing pain in the head, in the region of the shoulders, and in the feet.

These symptoms continued in a less degree, even on the following day when nothing was taken.

After doses of 65 to 130 drops, the above-mentioned symptoms increased, with the exception of transient pains; the eyes became especially affected, there was foggy vision with vertigo, the eyes seemed covered with a veil, reading was very difficult, the conjunctiva was injected, the pupils in one case, from 110 drops, dilated.

Lastly it was noticed that the urinary organs became affected, so that micturition was accomplished with great straining and difficulty.

On the same day in which one prover took 110 drops, an experiment was made with an external application to the conjunctiva; a few drops were rubbed into the upper lid, and some trickled into the inner canthus.

About a quarter of an hour afterwards there was some dilatation of the pupil, which increased so that after two hours there was scarcely a line of Iris Versicolor iris to be seem.

The margins of the lids became red, the conjunctiva slightly injected; even the pupil of the other eye was somewhat dilated.

The Iris Versicolor iris of the right eye was sluggish in action, vision was very weak, and the eyes seemed veiled.

On the next day, the right pupil was still considerably dilated and vision very much restricted, especially in the open air.

At the same time the eye was drawn somewhat upward and outward.

On the third day vision was only somewhat weak, the pupil remained dilated for several days.

The following were the chief observations from twenty-one provings with three different preparations the mucous membrane of the mouth and fauces was first affected.

thence the affection extended upward to the mucous membrane of the nose and frontal sinuses, and partly to the conjunctiva and Eustachian tube, then downward into the larynx, then from the throat into the stomach and intestinal canal.

This affection consisted essentially of dryness of the parts, for example, dryness of the whitely coated tongue, pasty taste, diminished appetite, desire for liquids without thirst, scraping in the throat, difficulty of swallowing, hoarseness, difficult speech, sneezing, nausea, inclination to vomit, pressure in the stomach, diminished stools, increased gas in the intestines.

As objective symptoms, there were dark redness and swelling of the mucous membrane as far as could be seen.

A second sphere of action of Belladonna seemed to be the brain.

The symptoms consisted of vertigo, pressing and aching pain in the head, reeling and slight stupefaction, sleepiness; the sleep, however, was restless and disturbed by vivid dreams.

There were general prostration, general ill-humor, and disinclination to mental work.

Dulness and confusion of the head lasted a long time.

Of the two extracts, the alcoholic and the aqueous acted in a greater degree upon the brain than the extract of the Austrian Pharmacopoeia; with the former it was especially noticed that with the increase of the symptoms of the mouth and fauces the head symptoms diminished.

There was noticed an antagonism between the two preparations.

The disturbance of vision began with a slight degree of weakness and fogginess, sensitiveness to light, and progressed to illusions of vision, flickering, and visions of colors, a feeling of pressure in the eyeball, increasing to a high degree of weakness of vision, with injection of the conjunctiva, increased lachrymation and dilated pupils.

From the external application of the above mentioned, the symptoms were more pronounced; the pupils were extremely dilated, the Iris Versicolor iris less sensitive, and the eye turned upward and outward.

Especially interesting was the action of Belladonna upon the urinary organs.

Without calling particular attention to the nocturnal erections, produced by the smaller doses, there was noticed relaxation of the urinary organs in such a way, that there was frequent desire to urinate, with inability to passe urine except by great pressure, and then only guttatim.

The action of Belladonna on the skin was increased warmth, amounting even to glowing heat of the face, turgor, and a very deep-red color, even a cherry red.

In one person, 4 1/2 grains of the Austrian extract caused red circumscribed spots on the face.

In the vascular system in general there was a feeling of chilliness, coldness of the extremities, alternating with heat and increased transpiration, accelerated pulse, and palpitation,.

Belladonna acts upon every part of the nervous system, producing active congestion, furious excitement, perverted special senses, twitching, convulsions and pain. It has a marked action on the vascular system, skin and glands. Belladonna always is associated with hot, red skin, flushed face, glaring eyes, throbbing carotids, excited mental state, hyperaesthesia of all senses, delirium, restless sleep, convulsive movements, dryness of mouth and throat with aversion to water, Neuralgic pains that come and go suddenly ( Oxytropis.) Heat, redness, throbbing and burning. great childrenS remedy. Epileptic spasms followed by nausea and vomiting. Scarlet fever and also prophylactic. Here use the thirtieth potency. Exophthalmic goitre. Corresponds to the symptoms of "air-sickness" in aviators. Give as preventive. No thirst, anxiety of fear. Belladonna stands for Violence of attack and Suddenness of onset. Bell. for the extreme of thyroid toxaemia. Use 1x (Beebe).

Plethoric, brainy

SUDDEN, VIOLENT EFFECTS

DRYNESS, BRIGHT REDNESS -streaked (Phosphorus Pho---- )- AND BURNING HEAT; WITH GREAT PAIN; FULNESS OR SWELLING

CONGESTION TO HEAD

Dilated arteries

Inflammation

Heat in body, parts, discharges, etc

CONSTRICTIONS

Parts are hot, swelled, red and dry

THROBBING, SHARP CUTTING, SHOOTING or clawing PAINS; of maddening severity; coming and going, in repeated attacks (Nitric Acid Nit-ac)

Scant or hot discharges JERKS

Shocks TWITCHINGS

SPASM; of throat, vagina, etc

Over-active

Excited WILDLY DELIRIOUS; ferocious, noisy, cries out RESTLESS and talks fast Tries to escape

Furibund

Biting mania Violent delirium

THROBBING HEAD; worse temples; worse motion; better letting hair down

Brain rises and falls in waves

Rolls head

Pains go downward from head

HEAD SENSITIVE TO DRAFTS AND COLD, or washing hair

HAMMERING THROB

Pulls her hair

Sunstroke

DILATED PUPILS

Prominent, sparkling eyes Red sclerotic

Lurid, red, terrifying hallucinations; on closing eyes

Blind attacks; then yellow vision

Sees red

Flashes before vision

PHOTOPHOBIA

Red nose

Fiery RED, turgid, hot FACE, or alternately pale and red

DRY, HOT MOUTH AND THROAT (Phosphorus Pho)

Toothache, better biting

Swelled tongue

Strawberry tongue

Urging to swallow, with choking

Drinks in sips Must drink to swallow

Craves lemonade

Pain from stomach or liver to shoulder and throat, worse lying on it

Cutting epigastric colic, better bending backward

Distended transverse colon

Clawing or downward forcing in abdomen

Acute prolapsus ani (Arsenicum Album Ars)

Stools contain chalky lumps

Enuresis on lying down; nocturnal

Fiery red urine

Early, profuse, hot (Sabi---- ), red, gushing menses Rigid os

Metritis

Bearing down better standing,worse lying

Red streaked mammae

Dry cough

Barking voice

Stiff r

neck and shoulder in afternoon

Back feels broken

BRIGHT, RED, GLOSSY SKIN

Intense dermatitis

Scarlatina

Erysipelas

Sleepy, but can't sleep

Heavy, hot sleep

JERKS DURING SLEEP

Frightful dreams; of quarrels, fire, etc

Internal coldness with external, pungent, burning heat HOT HEAD, with cold limbs (Sulphur Sul---- ) Hot sweat

Skin hot, but moist and dry alternately

Spasm, then prolonged unconsciousness

Atropa Belladonna. Deadly Nightshade. (Greece, Italy, Britain.) N. O. Solanaceae. Tincture of whole plant when beginning to flower.

sensitive to light; to slightest noise; to motion or jar as when someone touches the bed.

This is one feature which renders Bell. so appropriate in hydrophobia.

It is a chilly medicine; sensitive to changes from warm to cold, to draught of air, to damp weather, to chilling from having the head uncovered, or having the hair cut; better from being wrapped up warmly in a room.

Under this drug there is a remarkable quickness of sensation, or of motion; the eyes snap and move quickly.

The pains come and go suddenly no matter how long they may last.

They are in great variety, but throbbing, burning, and stabbing are very characteristic "stabbing from one temple to the other." The great intensity and variety of the head pains has caused Bell. to be regarded as the headache medicine par excellence.

Congestion of blood to the head.

Vertigo, mostly at night on turning over in bed, or when getting up in the morning, also when walking and on every change of position.

Headache with flushed face and brilliant eyes, dilated pupils.

Feeling in brain like swashing of water.

Throbbing, pulsating headache, with beating arteries and violent palpitation of the heart.

It has cured a very severe headache in a nervous man occurring whenever he was exposed to tobacco smoke.

In the mental sphere are mania; rage; disposition to bite, scratch and tear things.

Fantastic illusions when closing eyes.

Dull and sleepy; half asleep and half awake.

Spasms and twitchings are very marked.

Many disorders of vision.

Heat, redness and burning are three great characteristic notes of Bell., and are constantly cropping out in the pathogenesis.

The face is purple, red, and hot, or yellow.

Redness and pallor alternate.

The mouth is exceedingly dry without thirst.

Stinging in oesophagus, agg. swallowing or talking.

Oesophagus feels contracted.

Sensation of a hand clutching intestines.

Stool in lumps like chalk.

Spasmodic contraction of anus; obstinate constipation.

Bleeding piles; back pains as if breaking.

The menstrual flow is hot; of light colour; or bad smell.

Cough short, dry, tickling, similar to cough of Rumex Acetosa Rumex and Phosphorus Phos.

Whooping-cough; with crying or pains before the attack; flushed face; nose-bleed and bloody expectoration; sparks before eyes; stitches in spleen; involuntary stool and urine.

Paralysis of lungs and heart (vagus nerve).

Violent palpitation of heart.

Stitches in chest. Swelling of breast with bright red streaks radiating from centre of inflammation.

Rheumatism agg. by motion.

Sweat on covered parts only.

A striking picture of Bellad. is sometimes seen in cases of worm-fever.

A case (aet. 3, pale, feeble child) reported by Lutze had the following symptoms Awakened, or at least sits up at night in bed screaming, cannot be pacified.

wets bed at night. passes worms now and then.

cheeks and ear-tips brilliant scarlet, other parts of face, especially round mouth, white as snow.

eyes brilliant, staring.

pupils dilated.

Skin dry and hot like fire.

On being spoken to coaxingly flew into a violent rage. Cina Cina 200 had ameliorated.

Bell. cm. and m. cured permanently.

Bell. is a great children's remedy, not less important than Chamomilla Cham.

Complaints come suddenly; hot, red face, semi-stupor, every little while starting or jumping in sleep as if it might go into convulsions.

A very general characteristic of Bell. is agg. on lying down.

It refers to headache and all kinds of inflammatory affections.

Some characteristic symptoms are "Tenderness of abdomen, agg. by least jar." "Pressing downward as if contents of abdomen would issue through vulva, agg. mornings; often associated with pain in back as if it would break." Starting, twitching, or jumping in sleep.

Moaning in sleep. "Sleepy, but cannot sleep." The characteristic skin of Bell. is "Uniform, smooth, shining, scarlet redness, so hot that it imparts a burning sensation to the hand of one who feels it." "Sweat on covered parts only" is also a marked symptom of Bell.

A number of cases of poisoning have been reported from application of Belladonna plasters to the skin, classical symptoms of the drug being produced and no little danger to life.

One practitioner was warned by his patient that she could not tolerate a Belladonna plaster, but he, thinking there must have been a mistake, and that cantharides must have been in the plaster she had formerly used, had one made up under his own eyes and applied it himself.

In less than one hour there was an unbearable pain and when the plaster was removed the surface was found to be blistered.

A case of poisoning reported in the Medical Press (September 9, 1891) brings out the profound and long-lasting effects of the drug.

Three children, aged 7, 5, and 3 1/2, ate a number of the berries.

Three days after, a doctor saw them.

The condition of the eldest was as follows pupils dilated to maximum and insensitive to light; pulse frequent; breathing feeble and hurried; skin dry, bright red; temperature lowered; extremities and face cold; urination and defecation suspended.

Co-ordination was lost; the patient staggered as if drunk and acted like a mad person.

When asked his name he would shout as loud as he could, falling backwards with his hands in the air, his legs slightly bent as if about to sit down on a low stool, and then tumble on the floor.

When raised from the ground and seeing his friends again he began to talk without ceasing, laughing, and singing local melodies in a boisterous manner.

Suddenly his whole demeanour would change in to a melancholic depression of agony; he would look blank and wild on all around.

He would instantly jump up, run at the wall, and endeavour to spring on the highest articles in the room with the strength of a wild animal, and it was with difficulty that his movements could be controlled.

The youngest of the three lay depressed, in a soporific condition, eyes closed, skin cold, limbs powerless.

Pupillary reaction, tendon and muscular reflex were almost gone, whilst the sense of heat and cold still remained.

On shouting loud in his ear, he slowly tried to open his eyes in wonder; when shaken and put on his feet he made two or three steps backward as his elder brother and fell senseless on the floor.

The second eldest lay in a deep sleep, face cyanotic; skin of extremities and part of body dry and cold; breathing feeble, pulse scarcely perceptible.

Loudest crying, or shaking could not rouse him; feeling and reaction lost.

Washing out the stomach was effected in the eldest, but no evidence of the berries was obtained in that way.

A long injection tube was inserted into the rectum and irrigation with hot and cold water alternately was carried out, with the object of exciting peristalsis.

This was successful. Besides a great quantity of black-brown masticated fruit with skins and seeds, broken berries were found to the number of 28 in the case of the eldest, 39 in the second, and 37 in the youngest.

Pilocarpin and morphia N/A were injected in the case of the eldest, and Camphora camphor subcutaneously in the other two.

The skin was rubbed, warm applications administered and rectal injections of milk, egg and brandy.

Nothing was heard of the children till "June of the present year" (1891), when the children were brought to the doctor by their father.

They all looked pale and feeble; the pupils contracted slowly, and all were sensitive to light.

The eldest was irritable and desponding.

In the other two hearing and speech were almost gone.

The almost. absolute deafness in these cases is noteworthy in connection with Dr.

Cooper's cure of a very chronic case of deafness with single drop doses of Bell . Bell. is predominantly (but by no means exclusively) a right-side medicine all affections of internal head, right side right eye.

right ear right face. right teeth.

right hypochondrium right chest.

right upper extremity.

right lower extremity.

mouth and fauces left side.

It is suited to plethoric persons with red face; and to conditions where there is local plethora, that is, inflammatory states with pain, throbbing, shiny redness as in acute gout.

Symptoms are agg. afternoon; 3 p.m.; 11 p.m.; after midnight; during the night and not at all in the day; morning.

By touch; draught of air; cold applications; having hair cut; looking at shiny things; drinking; sleeping; lying down; lying on affected side. amel.

Bending affected part backwards or inwards; leaning head against something; standing; by warmth.

Bell. is suited to the bilious, lymphatic temperament.

Light hair and complexion, blue eyes.

It grows in dry limestone soils and is the acute correlative of Calc Carb Calc. c.

Cramp-like, contractive, and constrictive pains and pinching in the abdomen, and esp. round the navel or in the hypogastrium, with a sensation as if one or other of the parts were squeezed, or seized with the nails.

the pains necessitate a bending of the body, and are sometimes accompanied by vomiting, or by inflation and protrusion of the colon in the form of a pad.

Deadly Nightshade. Hahnemann. Solanaceae.

* * * *

and modalities Belladonna is a remedy that takes hold of the system with great violence. It is especially suitable to plethoric, vigorous individual, and intellectual people brainy people have complaints coming on suddenly, providing they are in a substantial state of health, and are reasonably plethoric and vascular.

The complaints of Belladonna come on suddenly, run a regular course, and subside suddenly. The pains and suffering come on suddenly and with great violence, and subside suddenly.

Colds ultimate rapidly, run a sharp course, a course of great violence, and subside sudden. Belladonna especially affects the whole vascular system, the heart, lungs, brain and nervous system.

Among the earliest conditions to examine is the heat. It has inflammations of all the organs, especially the brain, lungs, and liver.

The intestines are also involved as well as the other organs. These inflammations are always attended by violent heat; the heat is some thing unusual.

It is more marked in Belladonna than in almost any other remedy. When you put your hand upon a Belladonna subject you will suddenly withdraw it, the heat is so intense.

The memory of the heat is carried in the hand and fingers for some time.

Pains, inflammations, and sufferings, nightly attacks of delirium, violent attacks inflammatory in character are attended with that kind of heat.

No matter where the inflammation is, there is that same intense heat, There are times, though, when that kind of heat is present, and it is not Bell, and that is when the fever is of the continued type.

I only mention that so that you will not be lost.

You will not subdue the fever, but you will subdue the patient. The patient will be sick longer, will go into a greater state of prostration than if you had let that delirium alone.

But Stramonium Stramonium fits perfectly Hering's description of a case in which he says Bell should be given.

The idea of that heat must be well fixed in the mind.

Heat, intense heat, violent heat.

There is another phase of Bell that runs all through these inflammatory complaints and its fevers.

The inflamed parts, and very commonly the skin, are very red, and, as the inflammation advances, grow dusky; as the fever advances the face becomes mottled; but the first representation of Bell is bright red, and the skin is shiny.

An inflamed part than can be seen will be red. In inflammation of glands the skin over the glands will be bright red in spots.

Hence red spots in the neck over inflamed glands. Inflammation of the parotid glands, inflammation of the sub-maxillary glands, inflammation of the glands of the neck, there will be a spot as red as fire over each.

The throat is as red as scarlet. The mucus membrane is inflamed, and red as scarlet. After a little it grows dusky, finally mottled; showing the character and direction of the Bell constitution.

It travels gradually towards a zymotic state, such as we see in scarlet fever, in low inflammatory conditions; at first intense congestion, but vaso-motor paralysis follows.

Intense congestion and blueness, or purple and mottled.

Burning Another grand feature of Bell is present in its inflamed parts, and in its painful parts, whenever Bell brings out anything like a decided action, it has burning; intense burning.

The burning in the throat with a Bell sore throat is like a coal of fire. Inflammation of the tonsils, burning like fire.

The skin burns, and it is burning hot to the sensation of the patient, and intensely hot to the doctor. The skin burns in scarlet fever. He says,

"It burns so, doctor, it burns so;"

in bilious or remittent fever. In inflammation of an organ, the skin burns, there is a burning fever, and the part itself burns.

Inflammation of the bladder, with burning. Congestion of the brain, and the head burns. Congestion of the throat, and the throat burns.

It is hot locally, and it also burns subjectively. In gastritis there is burning.

In inflammation of the liver, the liver burns. Congestion of the liver with jaundice, and the liver burns. Now, we have three leading features; do not call them "key notes," for that is not what I mean; heat, redness and burning.

Wewill see how they modify the whole feature of the sickness, how they permeate and ramify, and how they take meaning.

Swelling But, that is not all. We have much swelling in Bell. The inflamed parts swell rapidly; are extremely sensitive to touch; are very painful, with the sensation as if they would burst, with pressive pains, stinging and burning.

There is heat, redness and burning in these inflamed parts, as well as swelling. Swelling, stinging, burning, throbbing. All over he throbs with all congestions and inflammations he throbs.

The part itself throbs, and his carotids throb. When children are sick in bed with congestion of the brain, they have an intensely hot head. If old enough to talk about it, they will say "it burns."

But then we will notice the throbbing. The temporal arteries and the carotids pulsate, with great violence. A turmoil is going on. An earthquake is taking place. Everything is being shaken when the patient needs Bell

It is one of the most painful of remedies. It is so sensitive to pain. So sensitive that be suffers more than ordinary people do from the pain.

And, remember, the pains comes suddenly, they remain longer or shorter, and they go suddenly They do this in neuralgia; they do this in inflammatory conditions, they do it in inflamed organs; they do it wherever they come.

Pains, tear, shoot, burn, and sting, and press, and smart, all at once. All of these characteristics are bundled up into one bundle, so that he suffers.

All of his pains are worse from motion, worse from light, worse from a jar, worse from cold. He wants to be wrapped up warmly, and is worse from any exposure or a draft.

The headaches are like many of die other pains.

it feels as if the brain was going up and down, tearing and burning at every step he takes, and from every motion of the eyes, or turning the eyeballs, or going up stairs, rising from, his seat, or sitting down.

all motion creates violent pains.

feels as if the head would burst, as if the eyes would be pressed out. If he moves he starts the heart to pulsate on his sore parts and he calls them "hammering pains.".

Wherever that pain is he cannot have it touched. If it is touched it will throb. If uncovered it will become worse. If some one walks across the floor, the jar makes him worse.

The jar of the bed, if he is in bed, is a common aggravation of Bell If he is so sick that he is in bed, the jar of the bed makes all of his complaints worse.

You go to the bedside of a patient suffering from, an inflamed liver, and he will not let you put your hand on the bed, for the jar makes him worse. If the pain is in the abdomen; if it is an inflamed uterus; if it is in confinement, it is the same.

This aggravation from the jar is such a marked feature that it is not always confined to inflammations. It is often a modified in a state of nervous hyperesthesia.

A woman in confinement, when there is no inflammation, and none threatening, is in such a state of hyperesthesia that she wants the windows closed to keep the air out; she does not want to be touched; she does not want the bed moved, any little jar aggravates; she is so sensitive to a jar, even when there is no sensitive part.

You go to such a case, and you will realize in time that you are going to have a difficult and painful labor, without Bell

But with a dose of Bell all of these complaints pass away quickly, so quick is the action of this medicine. The jar of the bed will often reveal to you the nature of the remedy. If you walk to the bedside of a patient suffering from gallstone colic, with violent pains, he cannot have the bed touched.

His face is red, his skin burns, he cannot be touched, he is in excruciating, agony, and he tells that before you have crossed the room, You see it all. He says,

"Don't touch the bed, doctor."

That is a special feature; the aggravation from a jar is marked.

Spasms general spasms and local spasms. Spasms of little canals, of the circular fibers, of tubular organs, like that I have spoken of in the gallstone colic.

In the ductus communis choledochus there is a clutching - or it may be in the cystic duct that the circular fibers, clutch that little bit of stone and will not let it through.

The passage is large enough to admit it and it has started to go through - but the irritation of the part causes a spasm and it clutches, that little stone; you put a dose of Bell on his tongue, the spasm lets up, stone passes on, and there is no more trouble; in fifteen minutes the gallstone colic is gone.

There is never a failure in homoeopathic prescribing in gallstone- colic. The symptoms are not always Bell, but in this instance, where that horrible sensitiveness is present, it is Bell

"Convulsions in infants."

They are violent and are usually associated with cerebral congestion. The skin is always in a state of fever. They are brought on from light, from a draft of cold air, from the infant becoming cold.

Nervous, brainy children, those with a good sized head, and plump, large-headed boys; boys especially, but also girls that have boys' heads, when exposed to the cold have convulsions. Light, motion and cold will bring on these convulsion.

The Bell subject as an individual, like Bryonia Bry, is worse in all his complaints from motion.

Motion brings on convulsions, motion brings on pain; motion increases the action of the heart and brings on throbbing; motion brings on many complaints and increases the sufferings.

Now think of these generals whenever you come to Bell This idea of Bell must prevail. No matter how many little symptoms you accumulate, get at these first.

Excitement runs all through. Violence runs all through the mental symptoms. The mental symptoms are all active, never passive. There is no passive delirium in Bell It is a wild state.

He is wild; striking, biting, tearing things; doing unusual things; doing strange things; doing unexpected things. He is in a state of excitability. These mental symptoms that come on during fevers, the delirium and excitement, are very commonly ameliorated by eating a little light food.

That is not generally known in Bell, but it is quite a strong feature. But remember the violence, and with it, if you go to the bedside where there is this violent delirium, keep in mind the heat, redness and burning.

Full of imaginations. Sees ghosts, and spirits, and officers, and wild things. In the early part of the fever the delirium is very violent and excitable; but as it passes on he goes into a sleep, a sort of half-slumber a semi-comatose state.

Apparently in a dream, and he screams out. Dreams horrible things. Sees in his dreams the things that he talks about. When he has real sleep, or resting, as near as it is for him to rest, he has violent dreams; night-mare.

Sees things on fire. He is in a delirium, and in torment. He becomes stupid at times, appears to lose consciousness. Loses the memory of all things and then becomes wild. His delirium goes ort when he appears to be sleeping.

These symptoms often occur with cerebral congestion, the violent cerebral congestion of the infant. If they are old enough to talk they will talk about the hammering in the head.

In Bell the infant also commonly remains in a profound stupor, the profound stupor that goes with congestion of the brain pupils dilated; skin hot and dry; face red, throbbing carotids.

Finally the child becomes pale as the stupor increases and the neck is drawn back, because as it progresses the base of the brain and spine become involved, and the muscles of the neck contract; drawing the head -backwards; and he rolls the head; eyes staring, pupils dilated.

Again, these mental states take the form of acute mania, when the patient will bite the spoon; will bark like a dog; will do all sorts of violent things; even jump out of the window. He has to be restrained, put in a strait-jacket.

The face is red, and the skin is hot, and the patient at times says that he burns all over, or that the head burns, and the head is very hot.

During all this time the feet are cold. Head hot, feet cold, or feet and hands cold as ice. It seems all the blood is being hurried to the head. All sorts of delusions and hallucinations are mingled with the acute mania; ghosts; horrid monsters; strange things, and deformed subjects.

Fear of imaginary things, and wants to run away. In the delirium of Bell he wants to jump out of the window, wants to run, wants to get away from his attendants. He thinks they are doing him injury.

Throughout the acute mania, and throughout the delirious state, all the manifestations partake of violence. Destructiveness.

The Bell patient in the most acute state must be watched, controlled, handled, and sometimes tied. In the text it describes these states as "rage, fury"

He wants to do violence.

"Moaning. Instead of eating, bit wooden spoon in two, gnawed plate, and growled and barked like a dog. A boy violently sick ran around the room laughing immoderately."

It has an insane laughter. A loud, boisterous laughter.

"A piece of bread, which he took to be a stone, he threw far from him. He turns and rolls in bed in a perfect rage. Aversion to noise and company."

Aversion to light; is better in the dark. At times a more passive state intervenes between these attacks of violence.

The active time is always that of violence; but there is sometimes a more passive state when the patient will sit or lie in bed and tear the bed clothing, or break anything that she can get her hands on. If it is a stick, she will break it up.

Running all through the complaints, whether delirium, fever, or pains, there is starting

Starting in sleep like an electric shock. just as soon as he falls asleep a sensation like an electric shock throughout the body.

"Starts in fright at approach of others. Fear of imaginary things, wants to run away from them."

"Great anxiety"

runs through the remedy. As a patient comes out of these attacks of delirium, as he comes out of convulsions, fear is depicted upon the face.

The patient is in great excitement; the circulation is in a state of great excitement; the heart is in great excitement; motion and emotion increase the beating of the heart.

It may have been gleaned that Bell. is a remedy that is over sensitive; a state of hyperesthesia extreme irritability of tissues. This is said to be an increased irritability of the nerve centres.

This develops a state of increased ability to taste, and to smell and to feel; excibility of the sensorium.

Excessive nervous irritability stands out, perhaps, as one of the most prominent features of Bell. in contrast with medicines like Opium N/A that deprive the patient of all sensitivity.

The more congestion there is in Bell the more excitability. The more congestion there is in Opium N/A the less excitability.

And yet they are very similar in many respects.

very similar in aspect.

in the appearance of the eyes and face.

similar in pathological states. If I were to prescribe on the pathological state, the congestion of the brain, the appearance, without taking in the intensity of the one or other, I would not be able to distinguish between Opium N/A and Bell.

They often antidote each other. But we do not prescribe on pathology, but upon symptoms, after careful individualization.

"Vertigo," with this intense excitability. Turning in bed, or moving the head makes him dizzy.

"Things go round."

"Vertigo with pulsations."

Moving the head increases the pulsation, and the vertigo. The patient lies in bed; cannot hold the head up.

This increase sensitiveness especially applies to the scalp. We notice it particularly in the woman. She cannot have the hair bound up. It is often the case that Bell patients will not have the hair combed or brushed.

"Lets the hair hang down the back;" so sensitive is the scalp.

"Hair feels as if pulled. Does not want the hair touched."

There are some remedies that correspond to extreme irritation in very sensitive natures.

like Hep Sulph Calc Hepar, where she faints with the pain.

like Nitric Acid Nitric acid, when cannot bear the noise of vehicles going along the street, because it creates such violent sufferings.

like Coffea Tosta Coffea, where footsteps aggravate all the complaints.

he was so sensitive to pain that the noise of one entering the door when he was onthe third floor aggravated his sufferings intensely, though no one else could hear it.

In Nux Vomica Nux vomica, even the sound of footsteps increases the pain all over the body. Bell has in its nature all this sensitiveness to pain. It is a part of the general sensorium; the who bodily state is intensified.

The Chamomilla Chamomilla patient is oversensitive to pain, but we do not need to sympathize with the Chamomilla Chamomilla patient, he will fight it out himself. But you will pity the Belladonna patient, you will pity the Pulsatilla Pulsatilla patient, and the Nitric Acid Nitric acid patient.

A strange part of it also is the reactive excitability. The reaction to medicine is so quick and so sudden that I have many times heard a patient say, before I had turned my back away from the bed,

"That medicine has relieved me," so quick is the reaction.

In many medicines reaction is slowed down, but in Bell it is intensified. So it is in Nux Vomica Nux vomica and in Zincum Metallicum Zincum When the case is very acute, but sometimes also when the case is somewhat chronic, this sensibility is marked.

Cuprum Metallicum Cuprum is so sensitive all over. It has sensitive warts; it has sensitive skin, sensitive polypi, everything sensitive; and it is so sensitive in its reaction that, when it is needed, partially indicated remedies will not work, because the patient is so oversensitive to everything that everything overacts.

The smallest dose, the mildest dose, the simplest dose overacts and everything aggravates. Odors aggravate; well selected remedies disturb instead of cure.

Cuprum Metallicum Cuprum tones down, relieves that sensitivity, and well-selected remedies will then act curatively and long. Cuprum Metallicum Cuprum lacks it in that high state of congestion - it is not like Bell in that.

Cuprum Metallicum Cuprum does not have that sensibility along with the active fever and congestion, the throbbing and disturbance of the circulation.

but it has it in a chronic state.

Women and children are so sensitive that they get no sympathy and it is not suitable for hysterical ones either, but those that are not able to control themselves perfectly. Such is Cuprum Metallicum Cuprum

We have medicines that are suitable to sensitive people, and especially sensitive women. Sensitive to odors, sensitive to every conceivable influence.

The doctor who will go out and take care of these poor sick little mortals, who understands their nature, perceives their quality, and relieves them of their suffering will command the whole community, in spite of the reputation of all the doctors that are there before him.

He must not be one who measures everybody by his own sensorium he may be a pachyderm, but he will find patients that are sensitive.

They are all sensitive to motion, to every jar, to light, even to the winking of the eyes; sensitive to draft. Bell will be indicated when the head is rolling - the patient rolling the head because the pain is so severe he cannot keep still, although the motion increases the headache.

A child lies and turns and tosses its head with congestion of the brain, screaming out with the brain cry, a sudden shriek. After awhile it wakes up and commences to toss the head, and every few minutes it shrieks with that brain cry; it is going into a stupor, the neck is drawn back, the face is flushed, it is now becoming pale.

There are times of stupor, and in that stupor the child cries out. In all brain troubles we must be careful about feeding much, or overloading the stomach, because the stomach is very feeble. It will not digest much, but the food should be well selected and light.

Great heaviness of the head. The head feels like a weight, and is drawn back. Sometimes we see the head drawn back from contraction of the muscles of the neck when the membranes of the upper portion of the spine are involved.

Again, we see the Bell patient drawing the head back himself, because drawing the head back often ameliorates the violent headaches.

This amelioration is kept up so long as he holds the head back. Aggravated from bending the head forward when sitting, from bending the head forward when standing, or stooping. It feels as if the brain would fall out or push forward.

This in creases the headache so much that it sometimes turns into knife-like, or hammering pains. These are the expressions used.

Sensation of nails and hammers, jagging and tearing.

but with all, pressure and throbbing. When rising from a seat these sensations are all intensified. Throbbing pulsation, like hammers hitting the inside of the sore skull, described by patients as if the inside of the skull was one continuous sore and was being pecked by hammers with every pulsation.

Some times it will settle down while sitting still, or while lying; but rising up from a chair will set that hammer going.

"Expansive" is an expression that is often used by the patient, and it was used by the provers. Expansive sensation, as if the head was enlarged; pressure from within out.

All these headaches are relieved by pressure upon the outside. Sudden touch or pressure will aggravate; but pressure that is gradually increased and brought to bear carefully upon the head will ameliorate, like the pressure of a bandage, or a tight-fitting cap.

Again, all of these headaches are brought on by exposure to the cold air; from standing in the cold air with the head uncovered. Sometimes a severe headache will come on from merely having the hair cut. Congestion of the head lasts for days, with throbbing and pulsating; from having the hair cut.

It may be said of this remedy that complaints of various parts of the body come through the head and go downwards, Complaints in the lower extremities, rheumatic complaints of the joints, with great redness and swelling, come on from uncovering the head, from exposure of the head, or from getting the head wet, or from being caught in a shower.

There is one complaint which will puzzle you if you ever meet it and you do not know just what I am going to tell you.

The complaints of Bell in a general way are ameliorated from rest, and aggravated from motion; but there is a kind of restlessness with tearing pain from the hips down, most troublesome to observe, that keeps the patient walking all of the time.

The instant there is rest the pains come on. They sometimes shoot downwards, they sometimes tear up and down the nerves; and this comes on from exposure of the head, and not from getting the feet wet.

Complaints of Aconit and Pulsatilla Pulsatilla come on from getting the feet wet, and these complaints rise upwards, come on through the feet and go upwards and affect the head.

Bell complaints come on from exposure of the head and go downwards; sometimes affect the head sometimes the chest sometimes the stomach, sometimes centre in the abdomen, sometimes centre in the uterus and ovaries.

Rhus Tox Rhus has complaints from getting wet, but the complaints are in the parts that are wet. If he gets the legs wet he will have rheumatism in the legs.

There is a vast distinction, and this distinction has to be made in almost every prescription you will make. Homoeopathy is a matter of individualization as to how complaints spread. Some complaints begin on the right side of the body and spread to the left.

Some complaints begin in the top of the body and go downwards. That is the way this remedy acts. In some remedies the exposure of the feet to an ice cold draft mill bring on headache (Silica Marina Silic); but in Bell, the exposure will bring on a headache, or neuralgia of the lower extremities.

Now that pain that comes on from rest is an exception in Bell That illustrates again the importance of distinguishing very decidedly between generals and particulars.

Without knowing "Generals" and "Particulars" you will never do accurate prescribing. The lower extremities here are the particulars. The patient and the general condition of the patient are ameliorated by rest; the symptoms of the patient are ameliorated by rest.

All of those symptoms that can be predicted of the patient himself are ameliorated by rest, but the pains of the lower limbs, as described, those neuralgic pains are ameliorated by motion, and come on in rest.

That does not mean that all the pains in the lower extremities are ameliorated by motion, because the pains in rheumatism are invariably ameliorated by rest, and aggravated by motion.

Those tearing pains, from the hips downwards, with no swelling, come on during rest. All remedies are full of freaks, and it is the figuring out of these peculiarities that enables us to do good prescribing.

With all the complaints of Bell do not lose sight of the congestion upwards.

"Rush of blood to the head. Cold extremities."

Cold feet, cold hands; hot head.

"Glistening eyes. Dilated pupils. Flushed face. Intense redness of the inflamed part."

Inflammation of all the tissues of the eyes, the lids, and all the parts of the eyeball, with most violent pain. Heat, redness, and burning.

These three strong features that run through the remedy will be found in the eye sufferings. Pulsation, tumefaction, lachrymation; intense pains; sufferings all worse from motion, and worse from light.

Most intense photophobia.

"Flashes of light and flickerings before the eyes,"

When reading, lines appear crooked.

"Dimness of vision, or actual blindness."

Intense congestion and fullness of all the parts.

"Apoplexy of the retina. Half-opened, protruding, staring eyes."

You will see that in the infant when the child lies in a stupor; eyes half open; congestion of the brain; face flushed and intensely hot; rolling the head from side to side; if it has been going on for several days the face will - later become pallid, and the neck drawn back.

In these congestive troubles, lying with the eyes half open; almost no winking.

"Orbital neuralgias. Protruding eyes, with dilated pupils. Inflammation of the optic nerve and retina. Eyes congested and red."

Another feature belonging to the eye is strabismus. Not those cases coming on gradually, such as will, need the surgeon, but those that come on with congestion of the brain, with this state of congestion and dilated pupils and rolling the head from side to side, flushed face, throbbing carotids and intense heat.

After a day or two the eye begins to turn in, and the little one is cross-eyed. That is an additional indication for Bell Sometimes, coming out of a severe congestion, the strabismus remains and Bell. is sometimes the suitable remedy.

All of these cases coming on from the circulatory, conditions should be cured with remedies. They should never be sent to the surgeon. Though they remain some time, even months, they will be cured by well-selected remedies, while those that come on gradually, and those that are born so, will not be relieved by remedies.

Only those spasmodic ones mat are associated with, and come on from, congestion of the brain. In connection with congestion of the liver and duodenal catarrh there is yellowisness in the eyes.

We may have the pain, tenderness, over sensitiveness, all inflammatory conditions; but cases requiring Bell rarely go on to suppuration.

Mucous Now we come to the mucous membranes, the nose, mouth, throat, larynx, chest, the mucous membrane extending into the car through the Eustachian tube, and we have another strong feature of Bell which characterizes most of its conditions.

Great dryness; a sensation of dryness.

Dryness in the nose; mouth; of the tongue; in the throat; in the chest, and such evidences as dry cough and spasmodic conditions.

These are so general. that with the nose symptoms, the coryza, the throat symptoms, the cough, this is intensified; dryness of mucous membranes will generally be found. It is that way with Phosphorus Phos

When Phosphorus Phos has a sore throat it will have dryness of the mouth, tongue and air passages.

This is general as to the respiratory tract. Then there is coryza with much sneezing,

"Pricking, burning in the nose."

Hot sensation in the nose. The general states present Much redness of the face, much heat with the coryza; hot head, cold extremities; marked headache, because there is dryness.

The very dryness itself is sometimes causative of pain, because the natural flow from the mucous membranes is dried up.

Whenever we have checked secretions we have fever, and in Bell this is marked. Checking of the discharge with fever, with heat, redness and burning; red face, burning face; heat in the face and head, and cold extremities. It says in the text,

"maddening headache, with suppressed catarrh."

Now, in such a climate as this most people during winter and cold weather and the changes have more or less mucous flow from the nose, and eyes, and air passages.

They are better when this takes place. All at once it stops, and all the parts become dry; then look out.

An awful, maddening, throbbing headache comes on. It is not so suitable for those old catarrhs where there is a copious flow of thick, yellow mucus.

The catarrhal state wherein Bell is useful is simply the exaggeration of the whitish mucous flow. Where it has been thick and yellow, and then stops suddenly from a cold, and a coryza comes on, Bell is worthless.

Always bear in mind that you select for suppressed catarrh a medicine that is within the sphere of the symptoms that have been suppressed. Hence, the medicine for thick, yellowish-green discharges might be Merc Viv Merc., Sulphur Sulphur, or Pulsatilla Pulsatilla.

then you are within the range of medicines capable of re-establishing the flow, and at the same time beginning a curative effect on the state of the tissue, leaving the patient in a much better state.

Bell has cured paralytic conditions, but Causticum Causticum is generally the remedy for paralysis of the face from riding in a cold wind. Spasms of the muscles of the face.

Extraordinary twitchings of the face. Erysipelas in the face; a bright red gradually becoming purple if there is a fever accompanying it. In the neuralgic pains there is always more or less congestion of the face with violent pains, and the face will be bright red.

With the zymotic state, as the febrile condition becomes more profound, and as the blood becomes more zymotic, the face grows from duskiness into a mottled state, as you will see in Baptisia Tinctoria Baptisia, more marked in Baptisia Tinctoria Baptisia than in Bell

"Red face, with burning heat."

The teeth are full of pains, congestions, and aches of a similar character. Very sensitive teeth.

The tongue should be a dry tongue, as that is general with its mucous membranes. Dry mouth; dry tongue; swollen tongue; protruding tongue, dry and hard, feels like leather.

Loss of sensation, loss of taste, loss of power of the tongue and loss of speech are all Bell features.

"Paralytic weakness of the tongue; trembling of the tongue when it is protruded."

It comes out weak, In a very few days the Bell fever patient is greatly reduced, is greatly exhausted, has almost a paralytic weakness.

When he raises the hand and holds it a moment it trembles in the same way.

That which is found in the tongue is only a part of the general state. Trembling from congestion of the nerve centers. The papillae of the tongue are erect, and the tongue is bright red. Bright red tongue in scarlet fever. Bright red tongue in congestion of the brain, with the erect papillae.

When going over Arum N/A triphyllum I told you it had been pronounced "strawberry tongue"

It is the same with Bell The tongue looks as red as a strawberry, and the papillae stick up like seeds.

"Red streak in the middle of the tongue, wide and broader towards the point. Tongue, white centre with red edges."

White tongue with brain affections is not uncommon. It has thick, milk-white, delicate fur all over the tongue in brain troubles.

"Dryness of the mouth, with thirst."

"Dryness of the mouth, with no thirst."

Bell is full of thirst, we will find when we come to study the stomach symptoms.

It is a common feature in Bell, like Arsenicum Album Ars, to want water little and often, just enough to wet his parched tongue, mouth and throat.

Dryness in posterior nares, and the mucus that he drags down from the posterior nares is tough and stringy, and very scanty, and it is white, or, if changed at all from white, it is bloody.

Yet I have not said anything about this remedy for bloody discharges and for bleeding. We will find before we finish that it is a haemorrhagic remedy, that parts bleed easily.

There is bleeding from the eyes, bleeding from the nose, bleeding from the throat, bleeding from the larynx, bleeding from the chest, bleeding from the bladder, bleeding from the uterus.

Ulcers bleed. Little fine ulcers in the throat no bigger than a pinhead. Little aphthous patches bleed. An aphthous inflammation of the throat; but the most of the complaints of the throat are dry and red.

Great tumefaction. Extremely sensitive; much swelling; inability to swallow. Great pain on swallowing, with all the sensitivity of the surrounding parts, with the sore throat, and with the inflamed throat.

Inflammation and swelling of the tonsils, with red face, intense heat, throbbing carotids, high fever, coming on from cold. Fauces and pharynx deep red. Soft palate and tonsils swollen.

Swallowing painful, particularly of fluids. Speech thick.

"Feels like a lump in the throat" that is from the swollen tonsils.

Constant scraping and hawking in the throat. The pharynx and larynx are very commonly in a state of spasm; partly from dryness, partly from extreme sensitiveness of the nerves of the part. Clutching of the throat on going to sleep, clutching of throat on coughing. Spasms of the oesophagus.

"Spasmodic constriction of the throat." Constrictions that are spasmodic.

Constrictions of the larynx, of the pharynx, of the throat. Bell has constructive pains in parts that feel like the clutch of fingers. That sensation of clutching is felt in the uterus.

it is a spasm. It is felt, in the liver.

it is felt in the brain.

it is felt in the throat. Jerking and twitching of muscles, with violent pain, in painful parts.

That is a strong Bell feature. Patients sometimes in their inability to describe their feelings will say,

"Doctor, I feel a clutching in there."

This constriction that comes in the sore throat occurs just in the act of swallowing fluids or solids, and that action will force the food and fluids up into the nose, and sometimes out of the nose.

Some remedies have it as a paralytic condition, because the muscles of deglutition are paralyzed and they do not favor the natural contracting actions to force the food down the oesophagus, and in that way the food is forced up into the nose and causes strangling.

In Bell, in its acute states, its inflammatory conditions and its spasms would distinguish it from Lachesis Lachesis, where it occurs as a paralytic condition after diphtheria, and from Alumina Alumina, which has a spasm of the oesophagus.

These are slow in coming on Bell is early. The early part of the fever is the time of its irritation. The latter part of the fever is the time of its relaxation. Rapidly forming aphthous patches upon the tonsils.

With the sore throat such as we have described you will nearly always find an enlargement and inflammation, or soreness of the glands, under the jaws about the neck. Tenderness along with a Belladonna sore throat is a natural concomitant.

A strange feature running through the Bell fevers of all sorts is an unconquerable craving for lemons, and lemon-juice. Lemonade seems to agree sometimes. In acute diseases when they crave lemon it is good for them.

They often crave things to eat. You must not be so violently temperate and in favor of prohibition that if a patient longs for beer in acute sufferings you will not give it.

"Thirst for water changed into thirst for beer."

Thirst for things that could not be endorsed in health, even.

"Excessive thirst for cold water."

In the stomach and bowels we have inflammatory conditions which can all be grouped as one. Pain, burning, distress, distension; sensitive to a jar, and to the slightest motion, and to the slightest pressure.

Sensitive to a jar, and sensitive to motion.

"Pain in the stomach extending through to the spine."

Inflammation of the stomach from becoming chilled, with intense heat; with much burning. It has violent colic, intense cramping pain in children. Face red and hot; pain relieved only by bending forward.

There are exceptional in stances where it has been relieved by bending backward, when it is similar to Dioscorea Villosa Dioscorea The mother finds that by holding the child on her hand it will relieve the colic.

That is like Colocynthis Colocynth; but Colocynthis Colocynth iswithout much fever, without much thirst, a pain in one spot, an intense colic in the abdomen ameliorated by doubling up, ameliorated by bending across something hard, is Colocynthis Colocynth

In that instance Colocynthis Colocynth can be prescribed on that one group of symptoms.

"Great pain in the ileo-coecal region; cannot bear the slightest touch, even the bed clothes."

There are instances where Bell is the remedy in appendicitis.

"Spasmodic constriction of sphincter ani; with hemorrhoids."

Hemorrhoids that are violently painful, that are intensely red, that are greatly swollen and inflamed, a high grade of inflammation; cannot be touched; must lie with limbs wide apart, the hemorrhoids are painful and there is much burning.

Bladder No remedy has a greater irritation in the bladder and along the urinary tract than Bell The urging to urinate is constant.

The urine dribbles, and it burns intensely along the whole length of the urethra. The whole urinary tract is in a state of irritation.

Bell has cured inflammation of the bladder. With the irritation and the congestion there is all the sensitiveness to pressure we find in any other part where Bell is indicated; sensitive to a jar. irritable state of the mind, irritable state of the whole nervous system.

"Tenesmus of the bladder. After passing urine sits and strains," in torment.

The urine is diminished, bloody, sometimes pure blood, or little blood clots. A considerable quantity of blood in the bladder comes away in little clots.

"The urine looks as if mixed with brick dust, or streaks. Strongly acid."

There is a spasmodic retention of urine and. there is involuntary passing of urine. Dribbling of urine in brain troubles. During sleep, dribbling of urine.

Dreams that he is passing urine, and involuntarily passed it. Retention of urine after shock, or from congestion of the brain, or after confinement. Bladder full; great pain; great sensitiveness.

Involuntary dribbling while standing and walking; or sometimes from mere motion the urine spurts. The urging is violent and sudden. When a little urine has collected in the bladder he has a sudden, painful urging.

Much of the trouble is at the neck of the bladder, and it is spasmodic. He feels the spasmodic clutching. At the time of the urging, and at other times, he has spasm of the neck of the bladder, from shock, from cold, from anxiety, from mental disturbances.

When becoming old, or chilled, or in very cold air, women lose their urine, like Dulcamara Dulcamara and Causticum Causticum Starts in sleep, and wets bed.

Dreams of a fright, which causes a starting, and she wets the bed. On going to sleep, a sudden electric shock goes through the whole body, and she wets the bed.

Bell is rich with such strange little peculiarities; but it only shows the general spasmodic condition and the general irritability of the whole Belladonna constitution.

We see those strange conditions and states, the irritability in all parts of the body, especially where there are sphincters, where there are circular fibres clutching in thy neck of the bladder; clutching at the mouth of the vagina; constriction of tubes. Constriction of the uterus.

Here we see a special marked feature of it, in the neck of the bladder. It has more troubles in the woman than in the man.

that is in the symptoms and conditions in relation to the female sexual organs, and to parturition, and to the breasts, and during the period of gestation there are many conditions where Belladonna will be needed. It is really an important remedy for the nervous sensitive woman, the woman of irritable fiber.

They have symptoms of great suffering, of great excitability, The parts are sensitive; the uterus and ovaries are congested, sore to touch, sensitive to jar. Irritable uterus, until it has become enlarged and painful, and sore to the touch.

Sometimes it remains in this state after parturition. Or, after every menstrual period it is a little larger, and remains. It does not return to its normal state, but remains congested, and the woman feels all through the interim as if she was menstruating.

Bruised feeling; sensitive to a jar. The flow is copious and clotted. But the most striking feature here is the uterine haemorrhage. Uterine haemorrhage from congestion, with spasms, with great sensitiveness.

The uterus contracts with violence, hence, a spasmodic contraction. Great soreness, with a copious flow of bright red fluid mixed with clots, is the characteristic of the Belladonna flow.

It is like Sabina Sabina in that respect. Those two medicines have that in a high grade. The uterus fills with a clot, and then comes a contraction like a labor pain and expels it.

for a while a copious flow of fluid.

and then contractions like labor pains come on again, expelling the clots, and then comes the flow.

The blood clots soon, and the haemorrhage is attended with great exhaustion. Now this occurs almost without any provocation. This haemorrhage occurs also in connection with abortion, Belladonna is a great remedy to check the haemorrhage in connection with abortion or from any cause whatever where the symptoms of sensitiveness are present.

Sensitive to touch, sensitive to a jar.

the patient herself is in that state of irritable sensitiveness, great nervous excitement manifested both when awake and in sleep, often with fever. Haemorrhage, with febrile conditions, but usually the haemorrhage takes the place of the fever, and commonly if there is haemorrhage it will relieve the fever.

It is also a great remedy for haemorrhage after confinement. The blood feels hot Haemorrhage, with hour-glass contraction. It is not an uncommon thing for the placenta to be grasped in its middle by a, contraction like an hour-glass tearing it loose here and there, and from below comes the bleeding.

a copious flow of blood. Bell relieves this hour-glass contraction.

It has also the most violent dysmenorrhoea. Pains like labor-pains. Spasmodic labor-pains. Circular contractions are the commonest forms in Bell

All of the fibers should take part uniformly and do their work uniformly, and thereby gradually bring to bear a tightening upon the contents. In Bell it is just like a cord going around the body of the uterus, tightening it and it interferes with labor.

That is the way it is in its dysmenorrhoea. Violent contraction of the circular fibers, and hence, a woman will often describe it as feeling as if the uterus was clutched with a string. As if it were tightened. Bell is rich in spasmodic conditions, in haemorrhagic conditions, in states of irritation, and in soreness, and the parts are sensitive to pain, and the woman herself is dreadfully wrought up and shocked by pain.

In addition to that, pains in the ovary. Belladonna acts in many instances on the right side. It is common for the right ovary to be more painful than the left, or the right to be entirely affected and the left not at all, in Belladonna So it is with the right side of the throat. So it is sometimes in the right side of the body.

"Pains in the ovaries with the appearance of the menses. Pains in the pelvic region, which come on suddenly, and cease as suddenly."

The characteristic Belladonna pains come on suddenly, sometimes stay a few seconds, sometimes a few minutes, and leave suddenly. Pains from uterine congestion. Acute inflammation of the uterus.

"Enlargement of the uterus, and periodically spasmodic bearing down,"

It has a relaxation in the parts as well. The uterus has been congested and is enlarged, and heavy, and the little suspensory attachments have become relaxed, and tired, and weak, and have stretched and elongated, and the already distended and over weighted uterus keeps pulling on them, and this creates the sensation that women so often describe, a bearing down sensation as if the uterus would escape.

It is sometimes described as a funneling sensation. These are the expressions of women when they suffer from prolapsus. That relaxation is common in a great number that have been poisoned with Secale Cornutum Ergot

The uterus comes down and is partly exposed between the labiae. Prolapsus as if the whole inner parts were coming out is a common feature, and with this she is worse from a jar.

There is a great sensitiveness in the parts. There is a great soreness in the uterus, and a sensation of heaviness. I have seen women sit with their limbs wide apart so sensitive is the neck of the uterus that is protruding from the vulva.

"Must sit; cannot lie down."

Many of the Bell cases cannot lie down, because of the stretching of the abdominal muscles. When they lie down they must draw up the limbs to relax those muscles.

Must sit, or take a flexed posture. Great sensitiveness in the parts. Pressing and urging towards the genitals.

There are all sorts of positions, and aggravations, and ameliorations in Belladonna, in accordance with what particular muscles are involved.

Some patients can lie better than they can sit. Almost all are worse standing. Some are made better by sitting with the limbs, wide apart. Most are aggravated by bending forward too much. Sitting in a chair she cannot bend forward too much, neither can she bend backwards without increasing the suffering.

So sensitive, and so much swelling in these parts. She is worse from motion, worse from jar, worse from excitement, worse from the slamming of the door, because that makes the muscles twitch.

All this illustrates how sensitive the irritated parts are. Then in the external and internal genitals and ovaries there is burning, and twitching, and much heat. Often tearing pains.

the tearing pains are generally an exaggeration of those clutchings and constrictions, and such are known as spasms especially of the circular fibres.

Belladonna is well suited to pregnant women who are extremely sensitive, who are plethoric, who have congestion from taking cold, who have soreness, where there is threatened abortion, or during or after abortion when there are hemorrhages.

Then again Bell is useful in red-faced plethoric, vigorous women who have married late in life and become pregnant, and when the day of delivery comes the muscular fibres are in a state of tension.

The uterus will not relax. She is flushed and has heat, and is in a state of excitement, sensitive to touch, sensitive to jar.

Relaxation will soon follow. It is not to be expected that she will have an easy labor, because women who marry at 28 or 30, or later, suffer from prolonged labor.

There is one strong feature of the hemorrhages and, of the discharges; the flow of blood feels hot. During confinement gushes of blood that feel hot. After abortion, gushes of blood that feel hot.

A lochial discharge that feels hot, along with the sensitiveness and soreness of the parts. Tenderness to pressure.

There are inflammatory conditions of the breasts accompanying confinement. Milk fever. When the breasts become red, extremely sensitive to touch.

She cannot turn over in bed; she cannot have the bed jarred, the face is flushed and the carotids are throbbing; there is fever; the sensitivity is aroused throughout the economy.

Great induration; hard as a stone. Bell will stop the pain in the breast in a few hours. It will stop that congestion, and, will relieve all suffering.

When the mammary glands are inflamed without any general symptoms but merely an inflammation of the glands give Phytolacca Decandra Phytolacca.

There is smarting, and loss of voice. As soon as he attempts to go into a sleep, that clutch comes on and wakes him up. Hoarseness and rawness and clutching in the throat.

Laryngitis with sensitiveness.

"Sudden attacks of hoarseness;"

every motion, or the slightest attempt to talk, the slightest effort to move the larynx or to touch it causes suffering.

Moving the head backward, or moving the head from side to side, causes pain and cough. Swallowing aggravates. As the bolus goes down behind the larynx he feels a great big sore place, it is the larynx. The voice changes.

One minute it is one key, and in another it changes. Sometimes it is hoarse and sometimes it is squeaky. And then, there is complete loss of voice, unable to utter a sound.

"Croup-like spasms in the larynx. Spasms of the glottis. All the symptoms of croup," but no membrane.

It is simply a dry, denuded larynx, with rawness and scraping; an inflamed condition. And this is the form of the acute laryngitis; it comes ort very suddenly. His respiration is short, rapid and painful. Often asthmatic.

The Belladonna cough comes on from clutching in the larynx. As it a little speck of something had crept into the larynx; a little dust, or a little food, or a drop of water had gotten into the larynx, and he coughs.

"Dry, spasmodic cough."

An intense cough. Cough at night. Cough when lying down, more at night than in the daytime. The cough is spasmodic, barking, short. It is a remedy for whooping cough, with spasms of the larynx which cause the whoop and difficulty of breathing.

Finally after long coughing, the expectoration of a little blood, or a little thin white mucus, is the result of the violent turmoil going on in the air passages from coughing. The Belladonna cough is peculiar.

As soon as its great violence, and the great effort have raised a little mucus he gets peace for a little while, and stops coughing. But during the restful period the larynx and the trachea, and the air passages grow dryer and dryer, and finally they commence to tickle, and then comes on the spasm, as if all the air passages were taking part in it, and the whoop and the gagging, and sometimes vomiting.

Then he gets up a little mucus and the cough subsides. Another little interval and he has another spell. That is the way its goes on, like whooping cough, but during, all of the interim there is constant dryness. Hence the cough is called paroxysmal.

Tightness in the chest, Painfulness in the chest. Soreness in the chest. In Bell the child will cry the instant it feels that urging to cough, because it knows what a great suffering is going to take place. The chest is so painful, the child dreads the cough and screams. By the child's cry we know that it is going to have a coughing spell .

Just like, Bryonia Bry., Hep Sulph Calc Hepar and Phosphorus Phos., which have that feature more, than other remedies. There is burning in the chest; violent congestion in the chest; With all of these chest complaints there is that dry, harassing spasmodic cough; worse at night.

This remedy cures pneumonia and pleurisy. I am sure every one here could picture a Belladonna pneumonia, or a Belladonna pleurisy. I am sure you know the patient so well that I need not describe the patient, the head, the congestion, the red face, or the burning.

but in pleurisy I will tell you its secret. Bell prefers the right side.

Great pain; extreme soreness of the part; cannot lie on it; worse from the jar of the bed and you have the Bell. pleurisy.

Bryonia Bry also prefers the right side, but the Bryonia Bry patient must lie on that side; must have pressure, and is not so sensitive to a jar; he has not the intense heat, he has not the great throbbing, and the burning.

Every kind of sickness that you go to you have to individualize in that way. There is no other way to practice Homoeopathy.

Remember, with all the inflammatory conditions there will be throbbing heat redness, burning, soreness to touch, and sensitiveness to a jar.

With Bell it means he cannot lie on the inflamed part; while with Bryonia Bry he is ameliorated from lying on the inflamed part.

Throbbing in all the arteries. Great congestion. Vascular excitement. These are present with all the congestions, and inflammations.

Joints Belladonna cures inflammatory rheumatism, when all the joints are swollen, or a great number of them, and they are hot, red, and burn.

We have in the rheumatism the heat, redness and burning running through; with the same sensitiveness of the whole patient, and a sensitiveness of the joints to the jar of the bed.

He wants to lie perfectly still is very much worse from motion and has considerable fever. Sometimes when the fever in inflammatory rheumatism runs pretty high there is delirium. But the striking features are the swelling of the joints with the redness, and great sensitiveness to motion and to a jar.

It is especially suitable to those that are very sensitive to cold, who cannot bear the least uncovering, cannot bear a draft, very sensitive to the motion, of the covers, and ameliorated by heat.

The very stamp and character of Bell is in its rheumatic state, like it is in all of its other complaints. It is the patient that has given Bell that character in provings.

it is the patient that gives disease that character when he had it, and it is only the fulfillment of the Law of Similars when these come, together, and the remedy annihilates the sickness.

Inflammation of the joints, coming on from sudden exposure of that particular joint. Or from a severe attack of cold one joint becomes inflamed. A trouble that is localizing itself. It may be any joint- of the body, for Bell, affects all the joints.

The sudden exposure to cold in plethoric individuals, is one of the most prominent. causes of the Bell sickness. In chronic cases the taking of cold generally, locates, or creates, a disturbance, and increases disorder, that manifests itself in the weakest place.

Vigorous people take cold in the nose, where they throw it off easily. You can often say to sickly patients that your cold now affects you in the weakest place. If you have liver trouble,

"your cold will settle in the liver," and so on; "but when you get well you will take cold like other people, in the nose."

Absolutely healthy people seldom take cold, but we do not have many such, they are so rare that we do not often see them; and the snuffles, and sneezing, and the running at the nose are simply throwing off of the cold of ordinarily healthy people.

Limbs In the limbs, again, we have convulsions, which is a part of the generals. In all the muscles in the limbs, and throughout the body, convulsions.

Violent cramping. All the limbs are in a state of convulsive movements. Sometimes the spasms are clonic, and sometimes tonic. The convulsions in the limbs are sometimes such as draw them up, suddenly, throw them out suddenly.

sometimes convulsions that throw the body backward, called opisthotonos, and sometimes throwing the body forward, called opisthotonos.

The most of the complaints in Bell are ameliorated by keeping still. The drawing pains, the pulsations, the inflammatory conditions drive the patient into a desire for perfect rest, are aggravated from motion.

The disinclination and aversion to the slightest motion is common in Bell, and as strong in Bell as in Bryonia Bry. Bell is so sensitive in parts that the motions of talking are painful; so sensitive that the conclusion of the voice is painful in the sore spots.

A person with a strong voice, a bass voice, hardly thinks of the concussion that takes place.

and much less is that of the female voice, and yet I have seen that aggravation from motion, and that aggravation from jar so marked in the female that her voice was like the pounding of hammers. In inflammation of the uterus, and ovaries, and the bowels, she refrains from talking, because her voice creates a concussion in the sore parts.

That only illustrates the extremes of this great sensitiveness to motion and to jar. Jar is only an exaggerated form of motion, bringing out that sensitiveness.

If you will study the nerves you will find the greatest array of peculiar nervous manifestations, such as sensitiveness of the nerves, aggravated from shock; spasms; various disturbances of the whole nervous, system; twitching; jerking; trembling; subsultus tendinum, etc. Cramps, and spasms, and convulsions in children.

Convulsions Convulsions come on, with great suddenness.

They come on entirely unexpected. In most instances of convulsions in the long acting remedies and medicines of the zymotic type, the patient has not been prospering in the last days of her gestation; but with Bell she goes on part way through the labor, or finishes it, and little is expected.

Perhaps her face is a little too red, but she goes into a convulsion unexpectedly, a violent

one from head to foot.

Congestion of the brain, with excitement. Intense heat; everything is intense, violent, sudden and unexpected.

The pains sometimes leave in confinement suddenly, and a convulsion comes on. But look and see that all the sensitiveness that I have described runs through the patient.

The pains cease suddenly. The blood seems to mount to the head. The face becomes red Congestions come on suddenly. Convulsions epileptiform in character.

Bell is not suitable for those numerous recurrent complaints, even though the single attack should be mitigated with Bell Take any of these attacks.

whether they are convulsions or headaches, or congestion of the brain, they are running down and become excitable, take on congestive attacks of the head, go right to bed, and roll the head.

You treat those with Bell; the attack is relieved. Take notice, I start out by saying this is only one of a series. You may not know it. This may be the first one.

You reduce that one, and when that same exposure comes again, that same attack comes back; but Bell does less this time than it did before. After two or three attacks Bell will do no more and you are worse off this time than you were before.

When it has broken the first one the physician should see that this is one of a series, and that Bell is not suitable. Often it is a case that needs Calc Carb Calc, I say often, not always.

All the symptoms should be examined between the attacks, so that the child may be elevated above these attacks because the acute remedy will do no more than suit the first, or second, or third at most. It has not the depth of action, it has not the length of action. It does not affect the economy profoundly enough. It passes away after a few days.

has to be frequently repeated.

The patient should be followed up and watched in all these recurrent spasmodic and periodical complaints. Bell is not a good remedy for recurrent complaints for it lacks periodicity, just as it lacks continuance of complaints.

Even if the first attack looked like Bell. the next attack would come back just the same. Belladonna is suitable in those complaints that if conquered have no tendency to recur; those complaints that end in death or recovery. It will only mitigate those complaints that are periodical.

"Restless sleep."

Moaning and groaning in sleep. Doing all sorts of violence. Delirium in sleep.

"Starts in sleep as if frightened."

In sleep sometimes the patient will commence to talk, will talk faster and louder, the head becomes hot, and the feet cold, and he ends with a shriek.

"Restless tossing in sleep. Feet becoming icy cold in sleep. Head getting hot, in sleep. Wakes up in a fever, and excitement."

It has symptoms so much like a typical old-fashioned Sydenham scarlet fever that it has been useful in scarlet fever.

Perhaps it is one of the most frequently indicated medicines in that disease. In some seasons, at least it will run all through, and the majority of cases will be Bell cases, with the bright red face and glossy appearance of the skin.

Bright red, intense heat, great congestion; after a short time if Bell is not administered it will grow darker.

But running through all this are those three words, heat, redness and burning Burning everywhere. The temperature I described among the generals as being so marked, so intense that you will carry it with you on the ends of your fingers for hours after you have touched a Bell scarlet fever.

It differs wholly from the Apis Mel Apis case, which has a rough rash. Bell is smooth and shining. Apis Mel Apis wants to be cool, wants to be uncovered.

Bell wants to be warm, wants a warm room.

Apis Mel Apis has no thirst, to speak of.

in Bell it is the exception to have no thirst, generally very thirsty for water, little and often.

The intense dryness of the mucous membranes and skin. Coldness of the extremities with hot head. In Arum N/A triphyllumthere is a constant picking of the mouth, with suppressed or scanty urine.

pale surface, only here and there a little rash.

the itching of the fingers, toes, nose and lips will lead you to prescribe Arum N/A .

You remember the Baptisia Tinctoria Baptisia case, with that mental state where he is feeling all over the bed "to get the pieces together."

On the other hand, where there is no rash to speak of, now and then a patch enough to make a diagnosis, or the diagnosis is made from the fact of some one else having the disease in the family, the child is swallowing ice water, but vomiting it up when it gets warm in the stomach, who would not give Phosphorus Phosphorus?

So it is at the bedside we pick out the distinguishing, things and see that these remedies are not at all alike.

On comes the fever, and the patient is worse than he was before. Simply because Bell cannot hold what it starts with. It is not suitable.

Our earlier practitioners often only thought of what they saw at the time. It was only after our school had considerable experience that it was found that periodicity constitutes a symptom.

Every remedy has its pace, its times of aggravation and its, times of amelioration.

So it is with Bell . Its time is 3 o'clock in the afternoon, commonly. Its complaints, are generally worse in the night. Its complaints commonly start about three o'clock inthe afternoon, and run till three in the morning, or until after midnight.

So that during the night its fever is highest. The fever comes on, and rises rapidly, to a very high temperature, sometimes 104 or 105 , and runs down again to almost normal; but not with a complete apyrexia.

It is not suitable in complaints with complete apyrexia, for that marks complete periodicity which Bell has not.

It has a fine rash; not the coarse rash, but the fine, scarlet red, smooth rash. It has inflammation of the skin, phlegmonous, a deep inflammation.

First bright red, gradually grows bluish or purple, or mottled; and in this there is the heat, redness and burning.

It is not suitable generally for the erysipelatous inflammation of the skin and deeper tissues, covered with vesicles, like Rhus Tox Rhus

Vesiculation is sometimes present, but it is the exception, while in Rhus Tox Rhus itis the general character. Rhus Tox Rhus begins with inflammation.

it has heat, redness and burning.

but whenever Rhus Tox Rhus begins an inflammation, just that instant it throws out a great blister and it fills with serum.

Almost any Bell surface that is inflamed is likely to throw out a red rash. In intense fevers, where there are not scarlet fever or any of the common rashes, a red, fine, glossy eruption is likely to come out.

It is not an uncommon thing in congestion of the brain, and in bilious fevers, for this rash to appear, and it sometimes deceives the physician into making a diagnosis of one of the eruptive diseases, whereas it is a mere hybrid.

The Bell skin, while it turns red, has such a passive redness that you can write your name, almost, on the skin. As you take your finger and make a line on it, it leaves a white line behind your finger.

That was an old diagnostic phase of scarlet fever, and it shows that Bell produces upon the surface that peculiar passive congestion very much like the scarlatina. So we have in the Bell provings a symptom that is even a pathognomonic symptom of scarlatina.

But we do not prescribe on a symptom. Of late years no homoeopathic physician ever thinks of giving a medicine simply for the purpose of bringing the pulse down, or bringing the fever down.

He prescribes for the patient It is true that the temperature does come down, if we get the right remedy; but to prescribe a remedy to bring the pulse down is going at it wrong end to.

One who thinks homoeopathically never prescribes to remove a symptom; but guided by the symptoms he selects the remedy, no matter what follows.

It is true the symptoms subside. Others might say he prescribed to remove the symptoms, because they subside.

Learn to keep the ideal of Homeopathy in mind, and think rationally; in order to do that you will have to rid yourselves of a tremendous amount of inheritance.

We have inherited the way to think wrong end to.

"Yellowness of the skin from congestion of the liver, and catarrh of the duodenum."

When persons have been over-medicated with quinine until they take cold on every occasion, and a sudden attack of congestion of the liver comes on, with the great soreness, and the skin becomes yellow with all the sensitiveness of this remedy, Bell will cure such cases.

There are conditions that follow Bell that relate to its chronic state. Where Bell has been suitable for the acute conditions, the congestions, but there is that periodicity that I have mentioned, it has its natural followers, and Calc Carb Calcarea isone of them.

In boys that are big-headed, plump, plethoric, precocious, that take cold easily, and come down, with headaches and congestion; school children that get headaches which Bell

At first helped; very commonly if you look carefully into the case it will turn out to be a Calc case.

It is so common for Calc Carb Calc to relate in this way to Bell

Now-a-days we frequently find the dry, backing cough in the hands of doctors who have given too much Lachesis Lachesis

Lachesis Lachesis is commonly given to over-sensitive women, and it produces many of those conditions; it sometimes cures great troubles, but it leaves behind for weeks a dry, hacking cough that keeps her from sleeping.

Sometimes it comes on after the first sleep, which is commonly about ii o'clock; a dry, hacking cough from lying down.

Bell will cure this old effect of Lachesis Lach, the nervous state and excitability and the cough. Bell will be suitable as an antidote for Lachesis Lach, that is, for the acute symptoms.

Calc Carb Calc isan antidote for the more chronic effects of Lachesis Lach

After the abuse of Bell., Calc comes in as one of the natural antidotes.

Dose

First to thirtieth potency and higher. Must be repeated frequently in acute diseases.

Region

Nerve centers

Brain

Blood-vessels

Capillaries

Mucous membranes Eyes

Mouth THROAT

Skin

Organs

Right side

Characteristics

Belladonna acts primarily on the brain, and Teste very acutely explains the diversity of its action on men and animals by suggesting that it acts with an intensity proportionate to the brain development. On goats and rabbits it has no poisonous action whatever. On carnivorous animals it acts with moderate intensity. On man it acts with highest intensity. But on idiots, as Hufeland mentions, it has no more action than it has on some of the carnivora. An enormous number of the symptoms of Bell. are developed in and from the head and sensorium. Conformably with this, the pains of Bell. run downwards, i.e., away from the head. (Silica Marina Silic. and Gelsemium Sempervirens Gels. have a pain running up the back). To understand aright the action and uses of this great medicine it is necessary to bear in mind some leading features which characterise its action in all parts of the organism. But before alluding to these I will briefly refer to its correspondence to scarlatina. Cases of Belladonna poisoning have frequently been mistaken for cases of scarlatina. But it is the smooth form only, these presenting a smooth, even, red surface that come under its controlling action and prophylaxis. When such an epidemic is about, any one who may be exposed to infection may obtain almost certain immunity by taking Belladonna two or three times a day. The several points to be remembered about Belladonna are that it is a medicine which has great general sensitiveness and also sensitiveness of the special senses

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